Research Article - Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (2020) Volume 3, Issue 3
Nutritional status and diet of preoperative and 7 days postoperative patients with colorectal cancer at National Cancer Hospital 2018-2019.
A cross-sectional study was conducted with the participation of 100 patients engaging colorectal cancer at National cancer hospital in two consecutive years 2018-2019 in an attempt to assess the nutritional status of preoperative and postoperative colorectal cancer patients and their dietary intake during the period of 7 days after the operation. The results showed that, prior to the surgery, the percentages of hospitalized patients who were inclined to contract malnutrition were 55% and 36% based on SGA tool and Albumin index, respectively. The proportions of patients suffering weigh loss within 6 months and 1 month were 80% and 79% accordingly, in which 11% patients shed more than 10% body weight. Additionally, the research also demonstrated that 7 days after operation: The proportion of malnutrition patients moderately climbed by 8%, meanwhile a modest decrease of 3% was seen in the overweight rate among those patients. Besides, 92% patients experienced weight loss with the estimated average of 1.86 ± 1.09 kg. In the postoperative period, meticulously, the patients were given parenteral nutrition for the duration of 6.3 days on average. The time to embark on oral nutrition was 3.3 ± 2.4 days. The ratio of patients satisfying the suggested energy volume was disappointedly low. The majority of diets provided for surgical patients were deficient in terms of mineral and vitamins.Author(s): Hoang Viet Bach*, Nguyen Thi Thao, Nguyen Thi Hong Tien, Dang Thi Hang, Duong Thi Yen, Dang Duc Diu, Le Thi Huong