Research Article - Journal of Hypertension and Heart Care (2022) Volume 5, Issue 4
Level of adherence to lifestyle modifications and associated factors among hypertensive patients attending outpatient department at bishoftu general hospital, oromia region, Ethiopia, 2022.
Background: Hypertension is a major public health problem affecting over one billion people worldwide. Many people live unhealthy lifestyles, which are regularly undetected and poorly controlled for hypertension. To address this issue, adherence to lifestyle modification approaches is regularly overlooked as the cornerstone of hypertension prevention and control. Objective: To assess the level of adherence to lifestyle modifications and associated factors among hypertensive patients attending outpatient departments at Bishoftu General Hospital, in 2022. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study design was conducted among 301 hypertensive patients between January and March 2022. A systematic random sampling technique was used. The data were collected through face-to-face interviews with participants using a structured questionnaire by trained data collectors. Data were entered into Epi-info 18.104.22.168 and exported to SPSS version 26 software for further analysis. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and identified predictors of the outcome using a bivariable and multivariable logistic regression model (adjusted odds ratios with p-value <0.05 and 95% CI). Results: The study included 301 respondents with a 100% response rate.158 (52.5%) were females and the median age was 57 (±12.4 SD) years. The overall adherence in this study was only 26.9%. The study found that the patients Age older than 55 years (AOR= 2.81; 95% CI: 1.35-5.84), formal education (AOR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.28 - 0.96), the patients who had hypertension with 5 to 10 years diagnosis time (AOR = 2.33: 95% CI: 1.01–5.37), co-morbidity (AOR=2.06; 95% CI: 1.21,3.49) and good knowledge about healthy lifestyle (AOR:0.42; 95% CI: 0.24-0,74) have an independently associated with adherence to lifestyle modifications. Conclusions: The Level of adherence to recommended lifestyle modification among hypertensive patients was low in this study. Of the variables studied, age, educational level, duration of hypertension, co-morbidities, and knowledge about healthy lifestyles were independent predictors of adherence to lifestyle modifications.Author(s): Girma Mideksa1, *, Samrawit Solomon2, , Temesgen Geleta2