Journal of Chemical Technology and Applications

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Research Article - Journal of Chemical Technology and Applications (2021) Volume 4, Issue 4

Laboratory investigation of mineral scale deposition kinetics by adopting a plug-flow tube reactor

Mineral scale (scale) is the sparingly soluble inorganic deposit from aqueous solution. Scale deposition can pose a serious problem to the safe and economical operations of various industrial facilities, costing hundreds of billions of dollars of damage globally per year. Scale deposition can lead to equipment blockage with a narrowed tubing inner diameter and a reduced flow rate. In this presentation, laboratory investigation of mineral scale deposition kinetics was evaluated by use of a plug-flow type tube reactor. Compared with the conventional approach, the tube reactor has the advantage to maintain a constant solution pH, surface area and a controlled saturation index and hydraulic condition during the deposition study. Two scenarios of scale solid deposition were considered in this study, including deposition of scale on clean surfaces and also deposition of scale on a surface pre-coated with scale solid. The results show that the overall scale deposition process can be divided into multiple stages with different deposition kinetics and different solid morphologies. It is obvious that experimental conditions, such as solution chemistry, flow rate, temperature and saturation index, can have a considerable impact on scale deposition kinetics. These results provide an in-depth understanding of the process involving scale deposition onto the surface of a pipe material or a conduit. This tube reactor apparatus expands our capability of investigating mineral scale deposition kinetics and the influences of various experimental factors on scale deposition kinetics.

Author(s): Ping Zhang

Abstract Full Text PDF

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