Research Article - Current Pediatric Research (2018) Volume 22, Issue 1
Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dengue infection among parents of children hospitalized for dengue fever.
Aims and objective: This study is aimed at assessing the knowledge regarding dengue fever, its transmission, identification of the disease and its complications and its preventive measures among the parents of children hospitalized for dengue fever. Introduction: Dengue fever is a rapidly emergent infection and is one of the leading causes of hospitalization and health care burden in India. Dengue vectors, human knowledge and behavior have each been reported to play an important role in the transmission of the disease. Materials and methods: This is a hospital based cross sectional survey among parents of dengue patients admitted in Department of Pediatrics, KIMS Bangalore during a period of 6 months. Parents were interviewed with pre designed questionnaire. The questionnaire was divided into 4 parts – knowledge on: 1) Transmission, 2) Signs and symptoms, 3) Attitude towards the illness and 4) practices of prevention and treatment. Results: Overall 195 individuals were interviewed. 7% were illiterate while 18% had a college degree. 91% individuals knew mosquito as the vector, 32% identified clear stagnant water as the breeding place. 88% identified fever as a symptom while 22% knew about bleeding manifestations. 71% felt dengue as a severe disease and 84% had a positive attitude towards consulting a doctor for the illness. 58% relied on mats and coils for personal protection followed by bed nets (12%). Majority of the awareness was through television followed by radio and newspapers. Conclusion: It is of utmost significance to identify barriers to action and to seek ways to translate the knowledge of population about dengue into positive preventive practices that would ultimately reduce the transmission of dengue fever in the community.Author(s): Harish S, Srinivasa S, Shruthi P, Ranganatha A Devaranavadagi, Bhavya G, Syeda Kausar Anjum