Abstract - Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research (2021) Volume 0, Issue 0
Imaging biomarkers in early parkinsonâ??s disease using diffusion tensor imaging and fractional anisotropy values in the brain grey and white matter
Background: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) appears as a sensitive method to study Parkinson’s disease (PD) pathophysiology and severity. Fractional anisotropy (FA) value is one of the scalar derivatives of DTI used to find out anisotropy within a voxel in a tissue and used for determining white matter integrity in aging and neurodegenerative diseases. We studied DTI derived FA in early PD subjects as their routine MRI scans were normal.
Methods: 40 patients with early PD and 40 healthy controls were employed to evaluate changes in microstructural white and grey matter in the brain’s using DTI derived FA values. Comparison of FA values in the brain’s white and grey matter of patients with PD and age matched controls at the corpus callosum, centrum semiovale, pons, putamen, caudate nucleus, substantia nigra, cerebral peduncles and cerebellar peduncles, was done using a region of interest (ROI) technique, with b-value 1000s/mm2 and TE=100 milliseconds using 1.5T MRI system.
Results: PD patients showed differences in FA values in both the grey and white matter areas of the brain’s compared to healthy controls. Our study revealed the presence of damage in the substantia nigra, corpus callosum, putamen and cerebral peduncles mainly in the PD group.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that DTI and region of interest (ROI) methods can be used in patients with early PD to study microstructural alterations mainly in the substantia nigra, putamen and corpus callosum.Author(s): Rahul P Kotian