Journal of Public Health and Nutrition

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Perspective - Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (2023) Volume 6, Issue 2

Dietary inflammatory index and its association with alopecia areata: A cross sectional study

Background: One of the most serious public health issues in the world, Alopecia Areata (AA), is regarded as a chronic inflammatory condition. Chronic inflammation is mainly controlled by diet. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and Alopecia Areata. Methods: A Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) was used to evaluate food consumption, and the inflammatory diet index (DII) was calculated. The Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) score was used to assess the severity of the disease. A chi square test was utilized, and an independent t-test was used to assess quantitative data. Disturbing factors were adjusted in last analysis and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 53.84 ± 7.75 years old. The distribution of individuals in terms of SALT score and OPN level was significant on tertile of DII. The odds ratio for Alopecia Areata was increased by increasing DII (P=0.001). Conclusion: Overall, this study suggested that by increasing DII and serum Osteopontin (OPN) level, the odds ratio of Alopecia Areata is increased. Further studies are required to clarify this relationship.

Author(s): Hawal Lateef Fateh*

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