Perspective - Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapy (2022) Volume 7, Issue 6
Diagnosis and management of amebiasis detection and therapy.
Amebiasis is more prevalent among immigrants and tourists returning from the developing world than it in males who have sex with men and immunosuppressed people in industrialised countries. It is possible to become infected by consuming food or water that has Entamoeba histolytica cysts, the parasite that causes liver abscess and amebic colitis. By damaging host tissues, the trophozite invades the intestinal epithelium and spreads illness. Amebic colitis is characterised by diarrhoea that typically involves occult or gross blood and frequently has a subacute onset with weight loss. The most accurate way to identify amebic colitis is through the identification of E. histolytica in faeces since the pathogenic parasite Entamoeba dispar and E. histolytica are visually indistinguishable. Men are 10 times more likely than women to have an amebic liver abscess. Patients typically report with several weeks of fever and right upper quadrant pain, as well as a history of alcohol addiction. The majority of people with liver abscesses do not also have dysentery. Most patients with invasive amebiasis are cured by standard therapy, which consists of metronidazole plus a luminal agent, and drug resistance has not yet been observedAuthor(s): Martha Palomo*