Mini Review - International Journal of Respiratory Medicine (2022) Volume 7, Issue 6
Conditions of Pneumothorax and Hemothorax in the pleural cavity
Pleura are a serous membrane that folds back on itself to form a two-layered membranous pleural sac. The outer layer is called the parietal pleura and attaches to the chest wall. The inner layer is called the visceral pleura and covers the lungs, blood vessels, nerves and bronchi. In humans, the left and right lungs are completely separated by the mediastinum and there is no communication between their pleural cavities. Therefore, in cases of a unilateral pneumothorax, the contralateral lung will remain functioning normally unless there is a tension pneumothorax, which may shift the mediastinum and the trachea, kink the great vessels and eventually collapse the contralateral cardiopulmonary circulation.
Author(s): Hydecker Ahmed*