Journal of Chemical Technology and Applications

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Research Article - Journal of Chemical Technology and Applications (2021) Volume 4, Issue 2

Charecterization of bacterial culture on ZnO and Pb (NO3)2 nanopasrticles

The most abundant organisms in our biosphere are bacteria as Escherichia coli. Slight climate changes can potentially be disastrous to the life processes of bacteria; this can result in the prolific advantage for the production of nanoparticles. On the other hand synthesis of metal nanoparticles by eukaryotic cells such as fungi Aspergillus niger is reported. A. niger have the advantage of producing very high yields of secreted proteins, which may increase nanoparticle synthesis rate. Mycelia provide a much higher surface area than bacteria and this area could be used to support the interaction of metal ions and fungal reducing agent thus enhancing the reduction of metal nanoparticles. The bio reduction of NPs was monitored by ultravioletvisible spectroscopy, and the nanoparticles obtained were characterized by electron microscopy. In bacterial culture ZnO and Pb(NO3)2 NPs have sharp absorbance with the highest peak at 300nm and 250nm respectively. On the other hand, in fungal culture ZnO and Pb(NO3)2 NPs have highest absorbance peak at 230nm and 240nm respectively. The synthesized NPs (fungal biomass) were almost spherical in shape and some of them were aggregated ranging in size from 30-70nm and 10-50nm stabilized in the solution. Furthermore, the antimicrobial potential of zinc and lead nanoparticles was systematically evaluated. The synthesized nanoparticles could efficiently inhibit various pathogenic organisms, P. aeruginosa and S. aureus. The bactericidal effect of zinc and lead nanoparticles were compared based on diameter of inhibition zone in agar diffusion assay, disc method tests and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC).

Author(s): A. Mohamed Sikkander, Khadeeja Yasmeen

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