Research Article - Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health (2022) Volume 6, Issue 3
Awareness among patients undergoing treatment for correction of malocclusion VS patients who neglect the treatment.
Aim: Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with facial growth, development of the dentition and occlusion together with the prevention and correction of occlusal anomalies. e main indications for orthodontic treatment are to improve oral function, aesthetics and general dental health.e main aims of orthodontic treatment are,therefore, to eliminate functional problems that may predispose a patient to TMD;encourage the eruption and alignment of displaced or impacted teeth; remove any trauma from occlusion and/or displaced teeth and/or improve facial and dental aesthetics by aligning and levelling the teeth, correcting the over jet and overbite to establish a mutually protected occlusion, within a stable so tissue environment. Material and Methods Case sheet of all the patients reporting to the OPD of Saveetha Dental College with malocclusion treatment.The study was conducted between June 2020-March 2021.This university setting study a sample of 150 pateints. Data tabulated with parameters of age, gender and treatment Microsoft excel 2016 (microsoft office 10) was used to collect data and later was imported to SPSS software for statistical analysis. Results: The prevalence of Orthodontic treatment was found to be more in Females (68.00%) than Males (48.00%) Among the age groups of 18-24 years, 25-32 years, 33-40 years, Above 40, it was more prevalent in 25-32 years age group (34.00%) Among the willing of treatment and not willing for treatment among them more patients is willing treatment. The correlation between gender and treatment was found to be insignificant with p> 0.05. Conclusion: Within the limits of the study, the age group of (25-32) years and female patients had a higher prevalence of orthodontic treatment than males. However, no significant statistics were found for the prevalence of age and orthodontic treatment p>0.05 (chi-square test).Author(s): Amit Singh, Vigneshwar T*