Research Article - Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (2019) Volume 2, Issue 1
Anthropometric measurements of severe malnourished children in Elnohoud educational hospital in West Kordofan State, Sudan.
The present work was conducted in Elnohoud educational hospital, West Kordofan State, Sudan. The aim of the study was to study anthropometric measurements of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) among children less than five years of age. Study included 100 children diagnosed with protein energy malnutrition. The children were given the ready to use formula diets, F 75 and F 100, and ReSoMal. The anthropometric measurements i.e. weight (kg), height (cm) and MUAC (Mid-Upper Arm Circumference) and bilateral odema and appetite test were measured in order to assess nutritional status of the malnourished children according to WHO standards. Results indicated that the prevalence of marasmus was 84% among the studied group (75% age group from 13 to 24 month, 19% in >24 months and 6% in age group 6-12 months), pursued by Kwashiorkor 16% (62% in age group 13-24 months and 38% in group of >24 months). Statistical analysis showed that the average weight on admission significantly (p ≤ 0.05) different compared to average weight on discharge. Additionally, 69% of odema (+ve) patients were fully recovered after two weeks prior to admission, while 31% with odema (++ve) showed gradually improvement till discharge after four weeks prior to admission. Apparently, children with malaria only 5 patients at admission three of them recovered after two weeks of admission, while 10 patients with diarrhea, completely restored health at discharge. The 97% of children restored their normal appetite after one week of treatments, majority of children at discharge demonstrated excellent behavioral conditions, but three of them died during the treatments, the study found that the Body Measurement Index (BMI) for investigated group of Elnohoud educational hospital were ranged between 13.61-15.42 kg/M2 at admission and between 14.79- 16.66 kg/M2 . The BMI for this investigation categorized the studied group in malnourished status either at admission or at discharge according to FAO standards.Author(s): Abdelgader Fathelrahman Eltaieb, Ahmed Adam Ismail