Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health

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Research Article - Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health (2022) Volume 6, Issue 1

Analysis of patients undergoing composite restoration in the anterior teeth with fluorosis - A retrospective study

Background and aim: Endemic fluorosis has been a public health concern in India for quite some time now. Approximately 62 million people including children suffer from fluorosis due to the consumption of water containing high fluoride concentration. Symptoms of fluorosis may range from white specks or streaks to dark brown stains and pitted enamel. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of patients undergoing composite restoration in anterior teeth with fluorosis. Methodology: In this study, the dental records of patients that received composite restoration in their anterior teeth in Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals were screened from July 2019 to February 2021. They were filtered for patients who were diagnosed with fluorosis. The data was extracted from the DIAS. The data was processed in SPSS. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test was done. The results were then presented as graphs. Results: About 32% of the patients that received anterior restorations while having fluorosis belonged to the age group 21-25 years. Out of which 80% were males. Around 4% of the patients with moderate fluorosis had restorations in the lower arch and 36% of the patients had mild fluorosis and restorations in the upper arch. Conclusion: Within the limits of the study we can conclude that mild fluorosis is more prevalent among the patients and most of the patients with fluorosis received restorations in the upper anteriors. Lower anteriors were only involved in patients with moderate fluorosis.

Author(s): Farhat Yaasmeen Sadique Basha, Surenda Sugumaran

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