Archives of General Internal Medicine

Reach Us +44 1202068036

Short Communication - Archives of General Internal Medicine (2020) Volume 4, Issue 7

Age of smoking initiation: Short communication

Background: one among the mechanisms by which educational attainment promotes health is thru reducing health risk behaviors like smoking. consistent with the Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, however, health effects of educational attainment are weaker for racial and ethnic group groups (e.g. Non-Hispanic Blacks) than the bulk group (i.e. Non-Hispanic Whites). Aims: This study aimed to research racial and ethnic differences within the effects of educational attainment on age initially cigarette smoking during a national sample folks adolescent. Methods: Building on the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; 2015) this retrospective cohort study included 28,955 American adults who were either Hispanic or Non-Hispanic White or Black. Educational attainment was the predictor. Age initially cigarette smoking (based on self-reported data) was the variable. Age, gender, legal status, employment, and legal status were covariates. Race and ethnicity were the focal moderators. Results: Overall, high educational attainment was related to higher age initially cigarette smoking. Race and ethnicity, however, moderated the effect of educational attainment on age initially cigarette smoking, suggesting that the protective effects of educational attainment on delaying initiation of cigarette smoking were significantly smaller for Hispanics and Blacks than Non-Hispanic Whites. Conclusions: within the us, race and ethnicity alter the association between educational attainment and health risk behaviors like smoking. While non-Hispanic Whites with high education smoke their first cigarette later, Blacks and Hispanics with high education levels still try their first cigarette at a younger age. thanks to diminished returns of educational attainment, highly educated Hispanic and Black people remain at high risk of poor health.

Author(s): Assari Sg

Abstract Full Text PDF