Archives of General Internal Medicine

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Research Article - Archives of General Internal Medicine (2022) Volume 6, Issue 1

A knowledge about basic life support (BLS) among health care workers in Dhamar, Yemen: A cross-sectional study.

Objectives: Appropriate BLS is crucial for outcomes of sudden cardiac arrest and traumatic cases. This study aimed at evaluating the knowledge of BLS among health care workers in the Dhamar governorate, Yemen. Subjects and methods: A 7-month multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted and included 149 health care workers. Data were collected through a questionnaire, which is according to current American Heart Association (AHA)/European Resuscitation Council (ERC) guidelines of 2015. This self-explanatory questionnaire of 24 questions was designed to assess and compare the knowledge of BLS by the participants and consisted of two main domains: demography (composed of 4 questions) and knowledge of BLS (composed of 20 questions). Comparisons of the characteristics of demographic domains- gender, qualification, and previous training in BLS - in terms of the mean score of knowledge were considered, and statistically tested by independentsamples t-tests post-Leven's tests. Results: Of the 149 respondents, 97 (65%) had a BLS knowledge score of at least 50% mark, corresponding to adequate knowledge about BLS, and 52 (35%) had a BLS knowledge score of less than 50% mark, corresponding to inadequate knowledge about BLS. The total mean score of BLS knowledge was 53.12 in the setting of a range of 0 - 100 with a standard deviation of 15.58. Statistically, the mean score among males and female participants was found to be nonsignificantly different, as was the mean score among participants who had ever had previous training in BLS and those who had never had any previous training in BLS. On the other hand, the mean score in participants who belong to the medicine field was significantly slightly higher than that in participants who belong to the nursing field. Conclusion: Prevalence of programmed BLS courses was low among health care workers. Moreover, there was no association between such courses and adequate knowledge about BLS. Therefore, a high-quality strict accreditation program of BLS to the undergraduate curriculum and structured training of BLS for health care workers, along with regular reassessments along the career of the health professionals is recommended.

Author(s): Mohammed Kassim Salah1*, Abdul Salam Mohamed Al Mokdad1, Hussain Mohammed Aljarmouzi1, Omar Yahya Al-Ashmali1, Ali Ahmed Al-Zaazaai2

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