Perceptions of aging and becoming ill: A study with elderly people in palliative care
Joint Event on International Conference on Palliative Care, Obstetrics and Gynecology & International Conference on Stroke and Clinical Trials
February 28-March 01, 2019 | Paris, France
Mariana dos Santos Ribeiro and Moema da Silva Borges
University of Brasilia, Brazil
Posters & Accepted Abstracts : Res Rep Gynaecol Obstet
According to Erik Erikson’s theory of the life cycle, in old age,
internal conflicts can emphasize suffering. Elderly look back
over their past and may feel a sense of despair due to the
non-recognition of meaning in life or they may feel a sense of
integrity when they attribute meaning to their achievements
and losses, including illness.
Objective: To understand the perceptions of elderly people in palliative care when facing the processes of aging and illness.
Method: Exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study. We interviewed 11 elderlies in palliative care due to oncologic disease. The interviews were analyzed through ALCESTE Software.
Results: From the content analysis, we identified two axes. 1 ) Resist to survive and live, covers two categories: Resilient development, which mentioned the challenges throughout their lives trajectories, including few opportunities in accessing studies, financial difficulties, child labor, precarious living conditions, lack of basic sanitation and loss of parents and spouses; and the category Aging with integrity, which portrays the coping strategies used to deal with aging and illness, including cognitive restructuring used to change the vision of a stressful situation in order to see it under a positive light, the spiritual support, which included faith, reading sacred books and the practice of prayer, and, finally, they also used acceptance as a coping strategy. The second axis: 2) Resisting to die well, covers a single category Stress in illness that emphasized the elderly’s perceptions of stress related to illness, highlighting, the difficulty in accessing treatment.
Conclusions: Despite the adverse experiences along life trajectory and illness, the participants adopted a positive posture toward aging and becoming ill. They were able to live with integrity by using resilient coping strategies.
Mariana dos Santos Ribeiro is a nurse. She is specialized in aging by the Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil and holds a master’s degree in nursing from the University of Brasilia, Brazil. She has publications in geriatrics and in palliative care and participates to international conferences in the area.
E-mail: [email protected]