Materials Science and Nanotechnology

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Improved room temperature ferromagnetism in Ni doped SnO2 nanoparticles: A detailed study

International Conference on Nanoscience & Technology
May 21-22, 2018 | New York, USA

Tripathi P

Aligarh Muslim University, India

Posters & Accepted Abstracts : Mater Sci Nanotechnol

Abstract:

In this talk we emphasized on a detailed investigation of the structural, optical, and magnetic properties of pure and Ni-doped SnO2 nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized by a solgel process. An extensive structural study has been carried out using various characterization techniques. The X-ray Diffraction (XRD) spectra show the formation of the single phase tetragonal structure of pure and Ni-doped SnO2 NPs without any noticeable impurity phase such as NiO. XRD results revels that the crystallite size of SnO2 is found to be decreased with Ni doping, which has also been confirmed by the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy study. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) measurements displayed a clear sign for Ni2+ ions occupying the lattice sites of Sn4+ in the SnO2 host which also gives clear evidence for the formation of single phase Sn1-xNixO2 NPs. The optical analysis shows a significant decrease in the energy gap of SnO2, (i.e., from 3.71 eV to 3.28 eV) as Ni concentration increases which may be correlated with the core level valence band XPS analysis. Photoluminescence studies show that Ni doping creates oxygen vacancies due to dissimilar ionic radii of Ni2+ and Sn4+. Superconducting quantum interference device measurements revealed that the Ni doped SnO2 NPs exhibit strong ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature and this analysis has been well fitted with a simple relationship to find out magnetic parameters proposed by Stearns and Cheng et al. Hence, our results demonstrate that Ni-doping has strong impact on the structural, optical, and magnetic properties. e: [email protected]

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