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Commentary - Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation (2023) Volume 7, Issue 3

Wonders of natural processes and power of nature

Hsieh Chen*

Department of Environmental Science, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Corresponding Author:
Hsieh Chen
Department of Environmental Science
National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Received: 02-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AAERAR-23-90531; Editor assigned: 03-Mar-2023, PreQC No. AAERAR-23-90531(PQ); Reviewed: 18-Mar-2023, QC No.AAERAR-23-90531; Revised: 23-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AAERAR-23-90531(R); Published: 30-Mar-2023, DOI:10.35841/2529-8046-7.3.175

Citation: Chen H. Wonders of natural processes and power of nature. Environ Risk Assess Remediat. 2023;7(3):175

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Natural processes are the backbone of our planet, shaping our environment and sustaining life. From the formation of mountains and oceans to the cycle of water and carbon, natural processes constantly work in harmony to maintain a delicate balance that supports all living beings on Earth. In this article, we will explore some of the most important natural processes and understand their role in shaping our planet. The world is full of natural processes that shape our planet and the environment around us. From the movement of tectonic plates to the growth of plants, these processes work continuously and seamlessly to create the diverse and dynamic world we live in. Understanding these natural processes is essential to appreciating the complexity and beauty of the natural world. Here are some of the most remarkable natural processes that occur around us [1].

Plate Tectonics

Plate tectonics is the scientific theory that explains how the Earth's crust is made up of several large plates that float on the molten mantle layer below. These plates move around the Earth's surface, colliding, separating, and sliding past each other. This movement causes several natural phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and the formation of mountain ranges. Plate tectonics plays a crucial role in shaping our planet's landscape and creating diverse environments. For example, the Himalayan Mountains were formed as the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian Plate, pushing the land upwards and forming the highest mountain range in the world. Similarly, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is a divergent boundary where the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate are moving apart, causing the formation of new oceanic crust and the widening of the Atlantic Ocean [2].

Water Cycle

The water cycle is the con Carbon Cycle

The carbon cycle is the process by which carbon is exchanged between the Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land. It involves several natural processes such as photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition, and combustion. Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through photosynthesis and convert it into organic matter, which is then consumed by animals. When animals and plants die, they decompose and release carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere through respiration and decomposition. The carbon cycle plays a crucial role in regulating the Earth's climate and supporting life on Earth. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that traps heat in the Earth's atmosphere and helps maintain the Earth's temperature. However, human activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation have increased the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, leading to global warming and climate change [4].

Rock Cycle

The rock cycle is the process by which rocks are formed, transformed, and recycled on the Earth's surface. It involves several natural processes such as weathering, erosion, deposition, and lithification. Rocks on the Earth's surface are weathered and broken down into smaller pieces by physical and chemical processes. These pieces are then transported by water, wind, and glaciers and deposited in new locations. Over time, the deposited sediments are compacted and cemented to form sedimentary rocks. These rocks can be transformed into metamorphic rocks through heat and pressure or into igneous rocks through the melting and solidification of rocks. The rock cycle plays a crucial role in shaping the Earth's surface and creating diverse landscapes. Mountains, canyons, and valleys are formed through the uplifting and folding of rocks, while beaches and deltas are formed through the deposition of sediments. The Earth's crust is also constantly recycled through the rock [5].


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