Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health

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Short Communication - Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health (2020) Volume 4, Issue 5

Water Fluoridation: Reduced Risk of Teeth Decay

Anusha Swarna*

Department of Pharmacology, Nandha college of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamilnadu, India, E-mail:

*Corresponding Author:
Anusha Swarna
Department of Pharmacology, Nandha college of
Pharmacy, Erode, Tamilnadu

Accepted date: November 25, 2020

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Recommended amount of fluoride is being added in drinking water aiming to reduced prevalence of teeth decay. Naturally fluoride is found in ground water but additional required amount is being added in drinking water supply to a large population in different countries. A pre-eruptive impact of fluoride exists in lessening caries levels in pit and gap surfaces of perpetual teeth and fluoride amassed in plaque and spit represses the demineralization of sound finish and upgrades the demineralization of demineralized enamel. 


Oral health hits every facet of human health but is often ignored. Our mouth is like a window into human health. Mouth may give very sign of body infection and/or nutritional deficiencies. Metabolic diseases, those that affect the entire body, may show their initial symptoms in the form of mouth lesions or other similar kind of oral problems. 

Collectively oral health covers health of gums, teeth, and the entire oral-facial system. Most common oral diseases include tooth decay, periodontal disease and oral cancer. 

Tooth decay or cavities are brought about by a breakdown of the tooth lacquer by acids created by bacteria situated in plaque that gathers on teeth, particularly along the gumline and in the cleft on the biting surfaces of the teeth. Eating and drinking nourishments high in sugars cause this microbes to deliver the acids that can cause the external covering of the tooth (veneer) or root surface to demineralize. 

Despite the fact that cavities are generally preventable, they are one of the most well-known ongoing illnesses all through the lifespan. About one-fourth of little youngsters, half of youths and over 90% of grown-ups experienced tooth rot. Untreated tooth rot influenced 10% of little youngsters to 26% of grown-ups matured 20–64. Untreated tooth rot can prompt ulcer under the gums which can spread to different body parts, and in uncommon cases may be fatal (an extreme contamination). 

The mineral fluoride is found naturally on earth and is delivered from rocks into the dirt, water, and air. All water contains some fluoride. Ordinarily, the fluoride level in water isn't sufficient to forestall tooth rot; be that as it may, some groundwater and characteristic springs can have normally significant levels of fluoride. 

Fluoride has been demonstrated to shield teeth from rot. Microbes in the mouth produce corrosive when an individual eats sweet nourishments. This corrosive destroys minerals from the tooth's surface, making the tooth more fragile and expanding the opportunity of creating holes. Fluoride assists with modifying and reinforce the tooth's surface, or veneer. Water fluoridation forestalls tooth rot by furnishing continuous and steady contact with low degrees of fluoride. By keeping the tooth solid and J Clin Dentistry Oral Health 2020 Volume 4 Issue 5 strong, fluoride prevents pits from shaping and can even reconstruct the tooth's surface. Now a days community water fluoridation is new normal to adjust the fluoride amount in drinking water as recommended for the prevention of cavities. 

Albeit other fluoride-containing items, for example, toothpaste, mouth washes, and dietary enhancements are accessible and add to the avoidance and control of tooth rot, municipal water fluoridation has been distinguished as the most practical technique for conveying fluoride to all, lessening tooth rot by 25% in kids and adults. 

Benefits of Fluoride

Fluoride benefits to all age group ranging from kids to advanced age people. For kids below 8 years, fluoride reinforces the lasting teeth that are creating under the gums. For grown-ups, drinking water with fluoride underpins tooth polish, keeping teeth solid and sound. The health benefits of fluoride may include: less cavities; lesser severe cavities; less need for fillings and removing teeth; less pain and suffering because of tooth decay. 

Community water fluoridation is cost effective

Municipal water fluoridation has been appeared to set aside cash, both for families and the medical care framework. The rate of profitability for network water fluoridation differs with size of the network, expanding as the network size increments. Network water fluoridation is cost-sparing, in any event, for little networks. The assessed quantifiable profit for network water fluoridation (counting profitability misfortunes) went from $4 in little networks of 5,000 individuals or less, to $27 in enormous networks of 200,000 individuals or more.4 


Tooth rot adds to decreased personal satisfaction and expanded requirement for exorbitant helpful dental care.5 People who devour fluoridated water experience less and less extreme depressions, bringing about a diminished requirement for fillings and eliminating or supplanting teeth, and less time taken off from school or work due to dental issues or pain.1,5-7 Water fluoridation benefits all individuals from a network by forestalling tooth rot, improving oral wellbeing and setting aside cash for everybody. 


  1. lications/2016_prevention_dental_ca ries_through_use_fluoride.pdf 
  2. Antibiotic Safety: Do’s and Don’ts at the Dentist 
  3. National Diabetes Education Program: Healthy Teeth Matter 
  4. urces/policy-statements-andresolutions/promoting-oral-healththrough-water-fluoridation 
  5. ada-news/2020- archive/august/water-fluoridationlinked-to-reduced-risk-of-severedental-caries-in-first-set-of-teeth 
  6. reasons-why-fluoride-in-water-isgood-for-communities
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