Journal of Plant Biotechnology and Microbiology

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Short Communication - Journal of Plant Biotechnology and Microbiology (2023) Volume 6, Issue 1

The Role of Symbiosis and Pathogenesis in Agriculture and Ecosystems: An Exploration of Plant-Microbe Interactions

Kate Johns*

Department of Biotechnology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
Kate Johns
Department of Biotechnology
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Received: 25-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAPBM-23-88109; Editor assigned: 27-Jan-2023, PreQC No.AAPBM-23-88109(PQ); Reviewed: 11-Feb-2023, QC No.AAPBM-23-88109; Revised: 14-Feb-2023, Manuscript No. AAPBM-23-88109(R); Published: 24-Feb-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aapbm-6.1.132

Citation: Johns K. The role of symbiosis and pathogenesis in agriculture and ecosystems: an exploration of plant-microbe interactions. J Plant Bio Technol. 2023;6(1):132

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Plant-microbe interactions refer to the interactions between plants and microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. These interactions play a crucial role in the health and survival of plants, as well as in the functioning of ecosystems. One of the most well-known examples of plant-microbe interactions is the mutualistic relationship between plants and mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhizal fungi form a symbiotic relationship with the roots of most plants, in which the fungi provide the plants with essential nutrients, such as phosphorous, while the plants provide the fungi with sugars. This mutualism is crucial for the survival of many plant species, particularly in nutrientpoor soils. Another important plant-microbe interaction is the relationship between plants and rhizobia bacteria. Rhizobia form a symbiotic relationship with leguminous plants, such as peas and beans, in which the bacteria fix nitrogen from the air and make it available to the plants. This mutualism is important for the growth and survival of leguminous plants, and also for the functioning of ecosystems, as it helps to increase the availability of nitrogen for other plants [1].

In addition to these mutualistic relationships, plants also have complex interactions with pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. These pathogens can cause diseases that can severely damage or kill plants. However, plants have evolved a number of mechanisms to defend themselves against pathogens, such as the production of antimicrobial compounds and the activation of immune responses. Overall, plant-microbe interactions are a crucial aspect of plant biology and ecology. They play a vital role in the survival and growth of plants, as well as in the functioning of ecosystems. Understanding these interactions is important for improving crop production, managing ecosystems, and developing new strategies for controlling plant diseases [2].

Plants and microorganisms are co-advanced and associate with one another in nature. Plant-related microorganisms, frequently alluded to as plant microbiota, are a vital piece of vegetation. Contingent upon the wellbeing impacts on has, plant-microorganism (PM) connections are either helpful or unsafe. The job of microbiota in plant development advancement (PGP) and assurance against different anxieties is notable. As of late, our insight into local area organization of plant microbiome and critical driving variables has essentially gotten to the next level. In this way, the utilization of plant microbiome is a dependable methodology for a next green upheaval and to fulfill the worldwide food need in supportable and eco-accommodating farming. A use of the diverse PM associations needs the utilization of novel devices to know basic hereditary and sub-atomic perspectives. As of late found bunched consistently interspaced short palindromic rehashes (CRISPR)/Cas-intervened genome altering (GE) apparatuses are of extraordinary interest to investigate PM collaborations. A deliberate comprehension of the PM communications will empower the use of GE devices to upgrade the limit of microorganisms or plants for agronomic characteristic improvement. This audit centers around applying GE strategies in plants or related microbiota for finding the essentials of the PM cooperations, sickness opposition, PGP movement, and future ramifications in horticulture [3].

Profiling of the plant-related microbiome (genome gatherings of all organisms) is an arising idea to figure out the plantmicroorganism (PM) collaborations. Microbiota stretches out the plant ability to adjust fluctuating ecological circumstances through a few instruments. Valuable PM cooperations incorporate plant development advancement (PGP), security against biotic and abiotic stresses through the preparing of plant resistant framework or enlistment of plant guard pathways, variation to a variable climate, mycorrhizal advantageous interaction, supplement take-up, and transformation of the inaccessible supplement structures into plant-open structure. The PM connections are bidirectional, and microorganisms likewise acquire supplements from the host plants. The compromise among plant and microorganism might form into recognizing associations relying upon its effect on plant wellbeing, i.e., mutualistic (gainful to both the accomplices, harmonious), impartial (valuable to only one accomplice, commensalistic), or destructive (malicious to the host plant, pathogenic). These PM associations are vital in reasonable agribusiness and the climate for food creation and wellbeing the board, separately [4].

An examination of the host plant along with related microbiome (additionally called holobiont) recommends the coevolution of plant-organism, plant, and microorganism organism cooperations. Current innovations, for example, cutting edge sequencing (NGS), omics approaches (metagenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics), and computational devices empower the comprehension of local area level atomic parts of the PM cooperations administering the plant attributes. As of late, a few reports examined the different parts of plant microbiota and the impact of host genotype on various features of the microbiome [5].


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