Journal of Clinical and Experimental Toxicology

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Mini Review - Journal of Clinical and Experimental Toxicology (2022) Volume 6, Issue 5

Poisoning caused by the use of addictive drugs and its affects on humans

Tesifon Parron*

Department of experimental toxicology, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain

*Corresponding Author:
Tesifon Parron
Department of experimental toxicology
University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain

Received: 31-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. AACETY-22-78373; Editor assigned: 02-Sep-2022, PreQC No. AACETY-22-78373(PQ); Reviewed: 16-Aug-2022, QC No. AACETY-22-78373; Revised: 21-Sep-2022, Manuscript No. AACETY-22-78373(R); Published: 28-Sep-2022, DOI: 10.35841/2630-4570-6.5.123

Citation: Parron T. Poisoning caused by the use of addictive drugs and its affects on humans. J Clin Exp Tox. 2022;6(5):123

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Substance abuse, commonly referred to as drug abuse, is the use of a substance in quantities or ways that are harmful to the user or others. It is a type of disorder linked to substances. In the fields of public health, medicine, and criminal justice, various definitions of drug misuse are employed. When a person is using drugs, they may occasionally act criminally or in an antisocial manner, and they may also experience long-term personality changes. The use of some substances may result in criminal consequences in addition to potential bodily, social, and psychological harm, but these vary greatly depending on the local jurisdiction. Alcohol, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, methaqualone, and opioids are the substances most frequently linked to this phrase. Although the exact root of substance abuse is unknown, there are two leading theories: either a hereditary predisposition or a habit picked up from others that, if it becomes an addiction, presents as a chronic, crippling illness.

When prescription drugs with sedative, anxiolytic, analgesic, or stimulant qualities are used for mood change or drunkenness despite the fact that an overdose of these drugs can occasionally have major negative effects, the phrase drug misuse is frequently used [1]. On occasion, drugs are taken away from the patient for whom they were prescribed. Abuse of drugs, especially alcohol, can result in physical dependence or psychological addiction, as well as health issues, social issues, morbidity, injuries, unprotected sex, violence, deaths, car accidents, killings, and suicides. A large percentage of alcoholics and other drug users commit suicide. Longterm alcohol and drug misuse, which alters brain chemistry physiologically, as well as social isolation are factors thought to raise the risk of suicide. Another factor is that the medications' immediate intoxication effects may increase the likelihood of suicide [2].

Suicidal behavior and its relationship with postmortem forensic toxicological findings is offered with the aid of using a collection of authors at murcia university and the murcia pathology service. They emphasize that toxicological evaluation is essential to know-how intake styles and in organising techniques and protocols for detecting and stopping suicide. In their paper a forensic diagnostic algorithm for drug-related deaths, A case Series, an Italian crew provides a diagnostic set of rules for coroners with all of the factors for investigating drug-associated deaths and cooperating with toxicologists. Toxicological forensic prognosis remains extraordinarily heterogeneous in local and country wide contexts. Funding for enhancements to approach development, studies, networking, facilities, and technology is obligatory to standardize toxicological investigations. Illustrates that sufferers who gift a greater excessive triage level, a quicker coronary heart rate, more agitation, and cardiovascular signs and symptoms were drastically mentioned to be blendedillicit- drug customers. The authors conclude that the blended use and illicit pills can reason tremendous harm [3].

The results of the extended use of cannabis are mentioned in an italian paper titled neuronal and astrocytic morphological alterations driven with the aid of using prolonged exposure with chemical however not cannabidiol. In particular, seventy two h of THC publicity brought about neuronal and glial changes that should draw our interest to the viable results relatively extended use, especially in adolescents. Some opinions also are found in this special issue. One of those is illicit substance use gender-specific, the basic points of mental and health disorders, with the aid of using authors on the university of zagora, Bulgaria, functions the availability of fashionable records at the relationship extraordinary psychostimulants, medical and socio-demographic studies, and gender, each amongst the overall populace and in one of the maximum at-risk groups. The have a look at might also additionally offer a few steerage for growing gender-specific remedy and prevention, along with responses to a few pharmacological and behavioral therapies. The assessment is meant for a huge target target market of social workers, toxicologists, and pharmacologists [4].

Alcohol and pharmaceutical medicines are among the drugs that when abused can cause symptoms that resemble mental illness. This can happen both while you're drunk and when you're going through withdrawal. Some substance-induced psychiatric illnesses, including protracted psychosis or depression following amphetamine or cocaine usage, can last for a long time after abstinence [5]. Another possibility is a prolonged withdrawal syndrome, where symptoms linger for weeks or even months after the user stops using. The most notable drug for producing extended withdrawal effects is benzodiazepines, with symptoms occasionally continuing for years after use has ended. Withdrawal from alcohol, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines all carry the risk of death. Long after stopping use, hallucinogen abuse can cause delusions and other psychotic symptoms.


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