Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (202) 780-3397

Rapid Communication - Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health (2023) Volume 7, Issue 5

Nutritional Factors and Aphthous Ulcers: Dietary Recommendations in Dentistry

Joseph Cruz*

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Universidade Federal do, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
Joseph Cruz
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Universidade Federal do

Received:25-Aug-2023, Manuscript No. AACDOH-23-112751; Editor assigned:28-Aug-2023, PreQC No. AACDOH-23-112751 (PQ); Reviewed:11-Sept-2023, QC No. AACDOH-23-112751; Revised:16-Sept-2023, Manuscript No. AACDOH-23-112751 (R); Published:22- Sept-2023, DOI:10.35841/aacdoh-7.5.165

Citation: Cruz J. Nutritional factors and aphthous ulcers: Dietary recommendations in dentistry. J Clin Dentistry Oral Health. 2023;7(5):165

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health


Aphthous ulcers, also known as canker sores, are a common and painful oral condition that affects many individuals. While various factors contribute to their development, including genetics and stress, nutritional factors play a significant role. The link between diet and aphthous ulcers has garnered attention in the field of dentistry. In this article, we explore the impact of nutritional factors on aphthous ulcers and provide dietary recommendations to manage and prevent these bothersome oral lesions[1].

Aphthous ulcers are small, painful sores that develop inside the mouth, on the lips, cheeks, tongue, or throat. They can interfere with eating, speaking, and overall oral comfort. These ulcers typically follow a recurrent pattern, with some individuals experiencing them more frequently than others. Several nutritional factors can influence the occurrence and severity of aphthous ulcers, Certain foods and beverages can trigger or exacerbate aphthous ulcers in susceptible individuals. Common triggers include acidic foods (e.g., citrus fruits), spicy foods, and foods high in gluten. Deficiencies in specific vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin B12, iron, folate, and zinc, have been linked to an increased risk of developing aphthous ulcers. Some individuals may have food allergies or sensitivities that manifest as aphthous ulcers when certain foods are consumed[2].

Managing aphthous ulcers through diet involves identifying trigger foods and addressing nutritional deficiencies. Here are some dietary recommendations for individuals prone to these oral lesions, identify and avoid foods that trigger or worsen aphthous ulcers. Keep a food diary to track potential culprits and consider an elimination diet if necessary. Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains to ensure adequate intake of essential vitamins and minerals[3].

Supplement if Needed, If you have identified nutritional deficiencies, consider supplements under the guidance of a healthcare professional. Vitamin B12, iron, folate, and zinc supplements may be recommended. Reduce consumption of highly acidic and spicy foods that can irritate oral tissues. Opt for milder alternatives. Good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, help prevent infection and promote healing of aphthous ulcers. Proper hydration is essential for oral health. Drinking plenty of water helps maintain oral moisture and aids in healing. Stress reduction techniques, such as meditation or yoga, can help prevent stress-induced aphthous ulcers[4].

Individuals who experience frequent or severe aphthous ulcers should consult a dentist or healthcare provider for a thorough evaluation. In some cases, underlying medical conditions or medications may contribute to the development of these oral lesions[5].


Nutritional factors play a crucial role in the development and management of aphthous ulcers. By identifying trigger foods, addressing nutritional deficiencies, and adopting a balanced diet, individuals can take steps to reduce the frequency and severity of these painful oral lesions. Consulting with a healthcare professional or dentist for personalized dietary recommendations is essential for managing aphthous ulcers effectively and maintaining optimal oral health.


  1. Akintoye SO, Greenberg MS. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Dent Clin. 2005;49(1):31-47.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar,Cross Ref

  3. Moursi AM, Fernandez JB, Daronch M, et al. Nutrition and oral health considerations in children with special health care needs: implications for oral health care providers. Pediatr Dent. 2010;32(4):333-42.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar

  5. Archer N, Martin K, Johnston L. Oral conditions in the community patient: Part 1. Br J Community Nurs. 2020;25(10):490-5.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Ship JA. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis: An update. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1996;81(2):141-7.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Sidhu P, Shankargouda S, Rath A, et al. Therapeutic benefits of liquorice in dentistry. J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2020;11(1):82-8.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App