Journal of Bacteriology and Infectious Diseases

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Short Communication - Journal of Bacteriology and Infectious Diseases (2023) Volume 7, Issue 1

Natural resource deterioration by bacteria: Environment, agents, and mechanism

Cara Hannah*

Animal Health Laboratory, Ministry for Primary Industries, Upper Hutt, New Zealand

*Corresponding Author:
Cara Hannah
Animal Health Laboratory
Ministry for Primary Industries
Upper Hutt, New Zealand

Received: 02-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AABID-23-88621; Editor assigned: 04- Jan-2023, PreQC No. AABID-23-88621 (PQ); Reviewed: 18- Jan-2023, QC No AABID-23-88621; Revised: 23- Jan-2023, QC No AABID-23-88621; Published: 27- Jan-2023, DOI:10.35841/aabid-7.1.131

Citation: Hannah C. Natural resource deterioration by bacteria: Environment, agents, and mechanism. J Bacteriol Infec Dis. 2023;7(1):131

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Soil microorganisms play an important role in the ecosystem by helping to release vital nutrients from primary minerals, which are needed not only for their own nutrition but also for plant nutrition. Although the significance of fungi in mineral weathering is becoming clearer, the relative importance of bacteria in this process and the molecular mechanisms involved are yet unknown. Focus on the ecological significance of bacterial weathering, particularly in soil and acidic forest environments, which rely heavily on mineral weathering for survival. Highlights from studies demonstrating molecular mechanisms and genetic variables involved in the aerobic dissolving of complex minerals. The prospective uses of genomic resources the study of bacterial weathering.


Bacterial weathering, Fungi, Genomic resources.


Weathering reactions occur when minerals are exposed to precipitation, temperature variations, and oxidative conditions, including mineral dissolution and crystallisation. All of these events have influenced the formation of sediments, soils, and landscapes, as well as soil fertility and water quality. Mineral creation and destruction are also influenced by plants and microorganisms. Microorganisms, for example, contribute to the precipitation of new minerals and the synthesis of carbonate (or bio calcification). Bacterial cells expend a considerable amount of energy and genetic space to actively resist antibiotics. This review is focused on enzymes that confer resistance to antibiotics. These are a remarkable set of adaptive proteins that utilize a broad cadre of strategies to confer drug resistance. The review will make an inventory of these mechanisms and discuss their origins and evolution, focusing primarily (but not exclusively) on clinical resistance mechanisms for the sake of coherence and brevity [1].

Enzymatic resistance evolution

Antibiotic inactivation mechanisms share many similarities with well-characterized enzymatic reactions. Hydrolysis, group transfer, and redox enzymes are all involved in primary and intermediary microbial metabolism and, thus, likely serve as the origins of resistance [2]. As noted several times above, primary sequence analysis of resistance proteins, and in particular determination of their molecular mechanisms and three-dimensional structures, has revealed homologies to known metabolic.

Vertical distribution of bacteria on deteriorated reinforced concrete bridge support

Samples from a bridge support system that displayed a typical concrete deterioration pattern: that is, the amount of deterioration decreased with the vertical distance from the point at which the support entered the ground. To assess whether the amount of bacteria associated with concrete material correlated with the amount of deterioration observed, microscopy direct counting method to count the vertical distribution of total bacteria [3].

Second, molecular techniques have proven useful for accurately describing the microbial communities in environmental samples. Specifically, a comparison of microbial 16S rRNA gene sequences to sequences present in the databases has been used as the basis for polygenetic analysis [4]. In addition, the profiles of bacterial communities on deteriorated concrete surfaces have been analysed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis). However, neither 16S rRNA gene library screening nor DGGE are reliable methods for quantitative population analysis, and bacterial relative abundance cannot be determined by these methods. Fluorescent in situ Hybridization (FISH) provides an alternative approach towards quantitative population analysis in these environments, and studies using this approach have suggested that sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms likely are responsible for promoting sulfuric acid production in sulphide rich environments [5].


The scientific community is divided on the influence of oxalate patinas on cultural heritage, ranging from being the most important weathering process to possessing protective properties against a wide range of abiotic elements. In any case, the findings presented here give direct experimental evidence for fungal bio mineralization of secondary oxalate and carbonate minerals in a calcium-rich media.


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