Rapid Communication - Journal of Molecular Oncology Research (2023) Volume 7, Issue 4
Metastases to the stomach from ductal carcinoma of the chest: A case report
Ashlee Jones *
Department of Surgery, University of South Carolina Medical School, Columbia, United States
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ashlee Jones
Department of Surgery
University of South Carolina Medical School
Columbia, United States
Received:27-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AAMOR-23-103549; Editor assigned:29-Jun-2023, PreQC No. AAMOR-23-103549 (PQ); Reviewed:12-July-2023, QC No. AAMOR-23-103549; Revised:17-July-2023, Manuscript No. AAMOR-23-103549 (R); Published:24-July-2023, DOI:10.35841/ aaccr-6.1.136
Citation: Jones A. Metastases to the stomach from ductal carcinoma of the chest: A case report. J Mol Oncol Res. 2023;7(4):187
Metastasis is a complex and critical process in the field of oncology that refers to the spread of cancer cells from the primary tumor to distant organs or tissues within the body. It is the primary cause of mortality and morbidity in cancer patients, accounting for approximately 90% of cancer-related deaths. The ability of cancer cells to metastasize is a hallmark of malignancy, signifying the advanced stage of disease progression. Breast cancer is one of the most pervasive types of malignant growth among ladies around the world. Invading ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most widely recognized histological kind of bosom malignant growth, representing around 70-80% of cases. While breast cancer primarily affects the breast tissue, it can, in advanced stages, spread to distant sites through a process called metastasis. The metastatic spread of breast cancer to the stomach is relatively rare but can have significant implications for patient prognosis and treatment .
When breast cancer metastasizes to the stomach, it is typically a result of haematogenous spread, where cancer cells travel through the bloodstream and reach the stomach. The stomach provides a unique microenvironment that may allow breast cancer cells to colonize and grow, leading to the formation of secondary tumors or metastatic lesions .
Metastasis to the stomach from breast cancer can present with a diverse range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and gastrointestinal bleeding. However, these symptoms are often nonspecific and may be mistaken for other gastrointestinal disorders, making the diagnosis challenging. Imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or positron emission tomography (PET) scans, along with biopsies, are commonly employed to confirm the presence of metastatic lesions in the stomach .
The management of breast cancer with metastasis to the stomach requires a multidisciplinary approach involving medical oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, and pathologists. Treatment options may include systemic therapies such as chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapies, or a combination of these modalities. Palliative care and supportive measures are also integral in improving quality of life for patients with advanced breast cancer and metastasis. We will delve into the characteristics, diagnosis, and management of chest infiltrating ductal carcinoma with metastasis to the stomach. By gaining insights into this specific scenario, we aim to enhance understanding, facilitate early detection, and guide appropriate therapeutic interventions for patients with breast cancer and gastric metastasis .
Metastasis of chest infiltrating ductal carcinoma to the stomach is a complex and relatively rare occurrence in breast cancer patients. The process of metastasis involves the spread of cancer cells from the primary tumor in the chest to the stomach, leading to the formation of secondary tumors or metastatic lesions. This advanced stage of disease poses significant challenges for diagnosis, treatment, and patient management. The diagnosis of chest infiltrating ductal carcinoma with metastasis to the stomach requires a comprehensive evaluation, including imaging studies and tissue biopsies. Healthcare professionals need to be vigilant in considering this possibility when patients with a history of breast cancer present with gastrointestinal symptoms. Chest infiltrating ductal carcinoma with metastasis to the stomach represents an intricate and challenging aspect of breast cancer. By advancing our understanding, improving diagnostic techniques, and refining treatment approaches, we can strive for better outcomes and enhanced quality of life for individuals affected by this complex condition .
- Signorelli C, Pomponi-Formiconi D, Nelli F, et al. Single colon metastasis from breast cancer a clinical case report. Tumori J. 2005;91(5):424-7.
- Yagi Y, Sasaki S, Yoshikawa A, et al. Metastatic gastric carcinoma from breast cancer mimicking primary linitis plastica: A case report. Oncol Lett. 2015;10(6):3483-7.
- Buka D, Dvo?ák J, Richter I, et al. Gastric and colorectal metastases of lobural breast carcinom: A case report. Acta med. 2016;59(1):18-21.
- Kaneko Y, Kajitani K, Ohara M, et al. Asymptomatic solitary metastasis to the stomach from breast cancer: A case report. Mol Clin Oncol. 2020;13(6):1.
- Yang Y, Zhu X, Xie Y, et al. Metastasis to the pancreas from ductal carcinoma in situ of breast cancer: A case report and review of literature. Altern Ther Health Med. 2022;28(6).