Opinion Article - Journal of Agricultural Science and Botany (2023) Volume 7, Issue 3
Maximizing crop yields while minimizing water usage understanding and managing crop water requirements.Ren Fang*
State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ren Fang
State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture
Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
Received: 02-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AAASCB-23-100884; Editor assigned: 05-Jun-2023, PreQC No. AAASCB-23-100884(PQ); Reviewed: 17-Jun-2023, QC No. AAASCB-23-100884; Revised: 22-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AAASCB-23-100884(R); Published: 29-Jun-2023, DOI: 10.35841/2591-7366-7.3.183
Citation: Fang R. Maximizing crop yields while minimizing water usage understanding and managing crop water requirements. J Agric Sci Bot. 2023;7(3):183
Crop water requirements are an important consideration for farmers and growers who want to maximize crop yields while minimizing water usage. Understanding the water needs of different crops at different stages of growth is essential for effective irrigation planning and management. In this article, we'll explore the concept of crop water requirements, why they matter, and how they can be calculated and managed . Crop water requirements refer to the amount of water that a crop needs to grow and produce a viable yield. These requirements can vary depending on a range of factors, including crop type, growth stage, weather conditions, and soil type. In general, crop water requirements are highest during the vegetative stage of growth, when the plant is actively growing and developing leaves, stems, and roots. Water requirements then decrease during the reproductive stage, when the plant is focusing on producing flowers, fruit, or seeds.
Understanding crop water requirements is essential for effective irrigation planning and management. Providing too little water can lead to stunted growth, reduced yields, and poor crop quality, while providing too much water can lead to waterlogging, nutrient leaching, and soil erosion. By calculating and managing crop water requirements, farmers and growers can optimize water use, reduce waste, and improve the overall health and productivity of their crops. Crop water requirements can be calculated using a range of methods.
Evapotranspiration method involves measuring the amount of water lost from the soil surface through evaporation and from the plant through transpiration. This can be done using specialized equipment such as lysimeters or by using estimates based on weather data and crop type. Crop coefficient method involves calculating a crop coefficient based on the type of crop, growth stage, and environmental conditions. This coefficient is then used to estimate the crop's water requirements. Soil moisture monitoring method involves using sensors to monitor soil moisture levels and adjusting irrigation schedules based on the readings. This can help ensure that crops receive the right amount of water at the right time .
Water budgeting method involves calculating the amount of water needed for a crop based on factors such as rainfall, soil type, and crop type. This can help farmers and growers plan irrigation schedules and optimize water use. Once crop water requirements have been calculated, farmers and growers can take steps to manage water usage and optimize crop growth. Some strategies for managing crop water requirements include. Irrigation should be timed to coincide with the crop's water requirements, taking into account factors such as weather conditions, soil type, and crop stage. Irrigation system design should be optimized to minimize water loss and ensure that water is distributed evenly across the crop. Water conservation measures such as drip irrigation, rainwater harvesting, and soil mulching can help reduce water usage and improve crop yields [3,4].
Soil management maintaining healthy soil through practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, and soil amendments can help improve water retention and reduce the need for irrigation. Crop water requirements are an important consideration for farmers and growers who want to maximize crop yields while minimizing water usage. Understanding the water needs of different crops at different stages of growth is essential for effective irrigation planning and management. By calculating and managing crop water requirements, farmers and growers can optimize water use, reduce waste, and improve the overall health and productivity of their crops .
- Koyama A, Dias T, Antunes PM. Application of plant–soil feedbacks in the selection of crop rotation sequences. Ecol Appl. 2022;32(2):2501.
- Lim CW, Lee YW, Lee SC, et al. Nitrate inhibits soybean nodulation by regulating expression of CLE genes. Plant Sci. 2014;229:1-9.
- Gatsios A, Ntatsi G, Celi L, et al. Legume-based mobile green manure can increase soil nitrogen availability and yield of organic greenhouse tomatoes. Plants. 2021;10(11):2419.
- Karkanis A, Ntatsi G, Lepse L, et al. Faba bean cultivation–revealing novel managing practices for more sustainable and competitive European cropping systems. Front Plant Sci. 2018:1115.
- Ditzler L, Driessen C. Automating agroecology: How to design a farming robot without a monocultural mindset?. J Agric Environ Ethics. 2022;35(1):1-31.