Short Communication - Journal of Cell Biology and Metabolism (2023) Volume 5, Issue 4
Fatty acid profiles from two kinds of plants' plasma membranes and detergent-resistant membranes
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Marina Martinez
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Received:27-Jul-2023, Manuscript No. AACBM-23-109354; Editor assigned:31-Jul-2023, PreQC No. AACBM-23-109354(PQ); Reviewed:14-Aug-2023, QC No. AACBM-23-109354; Revised:21-Aug-2023, Manuscript No. AACBM-23-109354(R); Published:28-Aug-2023, DOI:10.35841/ aacbm-5.4.157
Citation: Martinez M. Fatty acid profiles from two kinds of plants' plasma membranes and detergent-resistant membranes. J Cell Biol Metab. 2023;5(4):157
Every live cell's envelope and boundary are defined by the plasma membrane, sometimes referred to as the cell membrane. It is an extraordinary and crucial structure. The plasma membrane serves a critical function in preserving cellular integrity and controlling the flow of substances into and out of the cell by acting as a dynamic barrier between the internal environment of the cell and the outside world. Because of its selective permeability, it can regulate the exchange of vital molecules, ions, and nutrients while protecting the cell from dangerous substances. Several proteins are also incorporated in this delicate yet strong phospholipid bilayer, facilitating important cellular functions like communication and signaling .
Detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) and plasma membrane composition and properties are of utmost significance. Important cellular functions like signal transduction, chemical transport, and cell-to-cell communication are governed by these fundamental structures. A thorough examination of their fatty acid profiles can reveal important information about the distinctive adaptations and functions of various plant species .
With the ability to harness the power of sunlight to fuel their growth and provide food for countless other animals, plants serve as the foundation of terrestrial ecosystems in the complex web of life. The plasma membrane, a fragile yet strong structure within their cells, is essential for maintaining cellular homeostasis as well as for communication and defense. Determining how plants adapt to and survive in various conditions requires an understanding of the lipid content of plasma membranes and detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs). In this paper, we explore the implications of this molecular diversity on the cellular functions and ecological importance of fatty acid profiles from two different types of plant plasma membranes and DRMs .
The plasma membrane acts as a selectively permeable wall to keep the interior of the cell isolated from the outside world. It is mostly made of lipids, especially phospholipids, and it creates a phospholipid bilayer with proteins imbedded that help with different cellular activities. Fatty acids, the building blocks of lipids, are one of the most important elements of the plasma membrane. Long hydrocarbon chains with a carboxyl group at one end make up fatty acids. The fluidity, stability, and protein interaction of the membrane are affected by the length, saturation, and order of these chains. Plants may adapt to a variety of situations by changing the ratio of fatty acids in their plasma membranes, which gives them the ability to withstand changes in temperature, water availability, and other environmental obstacles. The plasma membrane serves as the primary boundary, cells also contain specialized membrane microdomains known as DRMs. These regions are enriched in specific lipids and proteins, which can have distinct roles in cellular processes. DRMs are less soluble in mild detergents, allowing researchers to isolate and analyze them separately from the bulk membrane .This species' plasma membrane exhibits a higher percentage of unsaturated fatty acids, giving it greater mobility. The plant can survive in the hot, humid conditions of the jungle thanks to its flexibility. Specific long-chain fatty acids may assist the plant retain vital nutrients and fend off water loss by supporting the stability and integrity of the plasma membrane. On the other hand, the desert plant's plasma membrane exhibits a larger percentage of saturated fatty acids. This adaptation gives the membrane stiffness, which lowers water loss through transpiration and protects the plant from the harsh desert circumstances .
As the cell's protector, the plasma membrane has extraordinary plasticity in the fatty acid content, giving plants the resilience to endure changes in temperature, water availability, and other environmental stresses. Some species have more unsaturated fatty acids, which promote fluidity, while others have more saturated fatty acids, which promote stiffness and water conservation.
- Rozentsvet O, Nesterkina I, Ozolina N, et al. Detergent-resistant microdomains lipid rafts in endomembranes of the wild halophytes. Funct Plant Biol. 2019;46(9):869-76.
- Hao M, Mukherjee S, Sun Y, et al. Effects of cholesterol depletion and increased lipid unsaturation on the properties of endocytic membranes. J Biol Chem. 2004;279(14):14171-8.
- Maeda Y, Tashima Y, Houjou T, et al.Fatty acid remodeling of gpi-anchored proteins is required for their raft association. Mol Biol Cell. 2007;18(4):1497-506.
- Tjellström H, Hellgren LI, Wieslander Å, et al.Lipid asymmetry in plant plasma membranes: phosphate deficiency?induced phospholipid replacement is restricted to the cytosolic leaflet. FASEB J. 2010;24(4):1128-38.
- Rogowska A, Szakiel A. The role of sterols in plant response to abiotic stress. Phytochem Rev. 2020;19(6):1525-38.