Journal of Food Nutrition and Health

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Rapid Communication - Journal of Food Nutrition and Health (2023) Volume 6, Issue 3

Effect of Micro-Nutrient Composition on Growth and Physiological Parameters

Emily Knight*

Department of Health, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

*Corresponding Author:
Emily Knight
Department of Health
University for Development Studies
Tamale, Ghana.

Received: 19-May-2023, Manuscript No. AAJFNH-23-100967; Editor assigned: 23-May-2023, Pre QC No. AAJFNH-23-100967(PQ); Reviewed: 06-Jun-2023, QC No. AAJFNH-23-100967; Revised: 12-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AAJFNH-23-100967(R); Published: 19-Jun-2023, DOI:10.35841/aajfnh-6.3.152

Citation: Knight E. Effect of micro-nutrient composition on growth and physiological parameters. J Food Nutr Health. 2023;6(3):152

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A reasonable and sound eating routine, actual work, and mental prosperity affect wellbeing and can play a critical part in the turn of events and forecast of specific illnesses. The Southern European Atlantic eating regimen, likewise named the Atlantic eating routine, is an extraordinary dietary example that happens in districts that present higher future, recommending that this particular dietary example is related with positive wellbeing impacts. As a matter of fact, it is improved with supplements of high natural worth, which, along with its cooking techniques, actual work advancement, decrease in carbon impression, and advancing of family feasts, advance these beneficial outcomes on wellbeing. The most recent logical advances in the field of nutri-epigenetics have uncovered that epigenetic markers related with food or supplements and natural variables tweak quality articulation and, subsequently, are engaged with both wellbeing and illness [1].

The Mediterranean eating regimen is a plant-based, cell reinforcement rich, unsaturated fat dietary example that has been reliably connected with lower paces of noncommunicable sicknesses and complete mortality, so it is viewed as perhaps of the best dietary example. Clinical preliminaries and unthinking examinations have shown that the Mediterranean eating regimen and its curious food sources and supplements apply advantageous impacts against irritation, oxidative pressure, dysmetabolism, vascular brokenness, adiposity, senescence, mental deterioration, neurodegeneration, and tumorigenesis, subsequently forestalling age-related constant infections and further developing prosperity and wellbeing. Nighttime rest is a fundamental physiological capability, whose adjustment is related with wellbeing results and constant sicknesses. Logical proof proposes that eating routine and rest are connected in a bidirectional relationship, and the comprehension of this affiliation is significant given their part in sickness counteraction. In this audit, we overviewed the writing concerning the present status of proof from epidemiological examinations on the effect of the Mediterranean eating routine on evening time rest amount and quality [2].

Micro-nutrients and Their Functions: Micro-nutrients encompass a range of vitamins and minerals, each with its specific roles in biological systems. For instance, essential vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin D are involved in immune function, vision, and bone health, respectively. Similarly, minerals like iron, zinc, and calcium are required for proper enzymatic activity, oxygen transport, and skeletal development.

Impact on Plant Growth: In plants, micro-nutrients are crucial for various physiological processes. For instance, iron (Fe) is necessary for chlorophyll synthesis and electron transport in photosynthesis. Zinc (Zn) is essential for enzyme activation, while magnesium (Mg) is a component of chlorophyll molecules. Deficiencies or imbalances in micronutrient concentrations can severely impair plant growth and productivity. For example, iron deficiency leads to chlorosis, resulting in yellowing of leaves, reduced photosynthesis, and stunted growth.

Impact on Animal Health: Micro-nutrients play a vital role in animal growth and well-being. They are involved in metabolism, enzymatic reactions, and overall physiological functioning. For example, iodine is crucial for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolic processes. Deficiency of iodine can result in goiter and impaired thyroid function. Similarly, calcium is essential for bone formation and muscle contraction. Inadequate calcium levels can lead to skeletal deformities and muscle weakness.

Physiological Parameters: The micro-nutrient composition of diets can affect various physiological parameters in both plants and animals. In plants, micronutrient availability affects leaf area, root development, flowering, and fruit production. It can also influence resistance to pests and diseases. In animals, micro-nutrients influence body weight, immune function, reproductive performance, and overall health. For example, vitamin C deficiency in humans can lead to scurvy, characterized by fatigue, gum bleeding, and impaired wound healing [3].

Optimizing Micro-Nutrient Composition: To ensure optimal growth and physiological functioning, it is crucial to maintain an appropriate micro-nutrient composition in diets or soil. This can be achieved through various means, such as dietary supplementation, fortification of food products, or soil amendments. It is essential to consider the specific micronutrient requirements of the target organism and ensure a balanced intake. Regular monitoring and assessment of micronutrient levels can help identify deficiencies or excesses and enable timely adjustments [4,5].


Micro-nutrients play a vital role in the growth and physiological functioning of both plants and animals. Deficiencies or imbalances in micro-nutrient composition can have detrimental effects on growth, health, and productivity. Understanding the specific roles of micro-nutrients and optimizing their composition in diets or soil is crucial for achieving optimal growth and maintaining physiological parameters. By recognizing the significance of micro-nutrients, we can ensure the well-being of organisms and maximize their potential in various biological systems.


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