International Journal of Respiratory Medicine

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (629)348-3199

Rapid Communication - International Journal of Respiratory Medicine (2023) Volume 8, Issue 5

Cold-induced rhinitis: Understanding and preventing winter nasal infections

Nieels Jila*

Department of Virology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Nieels Jila
Department of Virology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Received: 07-Oct-2023, Manuscript No. AAIJRM-23-118950; Editor assigned: 09-Oct-2023, PreQC No. AAIJRM-23-118950(PQ); Reviewed: 18-Oct-2023, QC No. AAIJRM-23-118950; Revised: 23-Oct-2023, Manuscript No. AAIJRM-23-118950(R); Published: 27-Oct-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aaijrm-8.5.174

Citation: Jila N. Social stigma and tuberculosis: Addressing discrimination and misconceptions in pregnant women. Int J Respir Med. 2023; 8(5):174

Visit for more related articles at International Journal of Respiratory Medicine

As the winter season descends upon us, many individuals experience a common discomfort, cold-induced rhinitis. This condition, characterized by nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing, is often referred to as the "winter nose" or "winter rhinitis." In this article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and prevention of cold-induced rhinitis, equipping you with the knowledge to enjoy the winter season more comfortably. Cold-induced rhinitis, or winter rhinitis, is a condition that primarily affects the nasal passages. It occurs when exposure to cold air triggers a series of physiological responses in the body [1]. In cold weather, the blood vessels in the nasal passages constrict, a process known as vasoconstriction. This is the body's way of conserving heat. However, for some individuals, these blood vessels may overreact, leading to reduced blood flow to the nasal tissues. This can result in symptoms like nasal congestion, dryness, and discomfort. Cold air can irritate the nasal mucosa, the lining of the nasal passages. This irritation can cause the body to produce excess mucus, leading to a runny or stuffy nose. The cold air may weaken the body's immune response in the nasal passages, making it more susceptible to infections like the common cold or the flu. This can exacerbate cold-induced rhinitis symptoms [2].

Symptoms of Cold-Induced Rhinitis

Cold-induced rhinitis can manifest with several uncomfortable symptoms, which often overlap with those of the common cold. These symptoms may include:

• A stuffy or blocked nose, which can make breathing difficult.

• Excess mucus production can lead to a runny or drippy nose.

• Frequent bouts of sneezing can occur as a result of nasal irritation.

• Some individuals may experience eye irritation, although this is less common.

• Mucus running down the back of the throat can lead to a cough or a sore throat.

• Nasal congestion and pressure can result in a headache or facial pain.

• In severe cases, the ability to smell may be diminished. It's important to note that while these symptoms are uncomfortable, cold-induced rhinitis is generally not a serious medical condition. However, it can significantly impact one's quality of life during the winter months.

Preventing Cold-Induced Rhinitis

Preventing cold-induced rhinitis primarily involves minimizing your exposure to cold air and taking steps to protect your nasal passages. Wear appropriate winter clothing, including scarves, hats, and gloves. Covering your face with a scarf or mask can help warm the air you breathe. Running a humidifier in your home can add moisture to the dry, winter air, preventing nasal irritation. Consider using saline nasal sprays or a neti pot to keep your nasal passages moist and clear of irritants. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, which can help maintain healthy mucous membranes in your nasal passages. Avoid exposure to tobacco smoke and other irritants, as these can worsen symptoms. Non-prescription decongestants or antihistamines may help relieve symptoms, but use them as directed and consult with a healthcare provider if necessary [3]. If you have allergies, keeping them under control can reduce the severity of rhinitis symptoms. Consult an allergist for guidance. If your symptoms are severe, persistent, or interfering with your daily life, it's advisable to consult a healthcare provider. They can determine if there are underlying conditions contributing to your rhinitis and provide appropriate treatment [4].

It's essential to remember that cold-induced rhinitis is a temporary condition that typically resolves as temperatures warm. However, by following these preventive measures, you can significantly reduce the discomfort it brings during the winter season. In conclusion, cold-induced rhinitis, or winter rhinitis, is a common discomfort experienced during the cold months. Understanding the physiological processes that trigger this condition and knowing how to prevent and manage its symptoms can help you enjoy a more comfortable winter season. By dressing warmly, maintaining moisture in your home, and taking simple precautions, you can minimize the impact of cold-induced rhinitis on your daily life. If your symptoms persist or worsen, consult a healthcare provider for personalized guidance and treatment options [5].


  1. Papadopoulos NG, Bernstein JA, Demoly P, et al. Phenotypes and endotypes of rhinitis and their impact on management: a PRACTALL report. Allergy. 2015;70(5):474-94.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Meltzer EO, Blaiss MS, Naclerio RM, et al. Burden of allergic rhinitis: allergies in America, Latin America, and Asia-Pacific adult surveys. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2012;33(5):S113-S141.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Papadopoulos NG, Guibas GV. Rhinitis subtypes, endotypes, and definitions. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2016;36(2):215-33.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Tran NP, Vickery J, Blaiss MS. Management of rhinitis: allergic and non-allergic. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2011;3(3):148-56.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Bousquet J, Bachert C, Canonica GW, et al. Unmet needs in severe chronic upper airway disease (SCUAD). Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2009;124(3):428-33.
  10. Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App