Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44-1518-081136

Commentary - Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation (2022) Volume 6, Issue 11

Bottled water: A poor substitute for drinking water

Claudia Benfenati*

Department of Environmental Health Science, Mario Negri Pharmacological Research Institute, Milan, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Claudia Benfenati
Department of Environmental Health Science
Mario Negri Pharmacological Research Institute
Milan, Italy
E-mail: claudia@benfe.it

Received: 21-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. AAERAR-22-81489; Editor assigned: 22-Oct-2022, PreQC No. AAERAR-22-81489(PQ); Reviewed: 7-Nov-2022, QC No. AAERAR-22-81489; Revised: 8-Nov-2022, 11-Nov-2022, Manuscript No. AAERAR-22-81489(R); Published: 18-Nov-2022, DOI: 10.35841/2529-8046-6.11.153

Citation: Benfenati C. Bottled water: A poor substitute for drinking water. Environ Risk Assess Remediat. 2022;6(11):153.

Visit for more related articles at Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation

Utilization of filtered water or converse assimilation (RO) strategy to decontaminate water to make it fit for utilization is placing extra weight on the all-around extended assets in India. The strain on natural assets has expanded because of formative exercises like populace blast, ventures and autos. Abuse of assets over their sustainable limit has prompted different natural dangers. The Focal Contamination Control Board (CPCB), a legal association under the Association Service of Climate, Woods and Environmental Change, has distinguished 351 dirtied stream extends. More than 30% of the groundwater assets are overexploited in India [1].

CPCB constantly warrants the issue of water contamination; however its proof has not achieved any changes. Public strategy think tank NITI Aayog insists that the populace might confront immense water shortage soon. Yet, India has sent out 3,850,431 liters of water between 2015 to 2021, which shows the double norm of the public authority in overseeing water assets. Investigations have discovered that India stands first in groundwater extraction however is positioned 120 among 122 nations in water quality. The nation has a treatment limit of just 43%, as indicated by CPCB's 2021 report and the functioning state of the current treatment is yet to be checked. Studies uncover that 37.7 million individuals in India are impacted by waterborne sicknesses, which cost Rs 4,500 crore. Thus, center and big league salary families polish off compact drinking water and introduce RO purifiers for safe drinking water [2].

RO innovation claims it eliminates water pollution through particles, organics, microbes and pyrogens through its layer and gives safe drinking water. Understand more: These 5 states experience the ill effects of groundwater double-dealing however bundled drinking water plants don't feel a squeeze. A few families own RO and others rely upon privately owned businesses. RO costs for family purposes range between Rs 15,000 and Rs 20,000. Additionally, the support cost is more than Rs 3,000 every year. The individuals who can't have RO at home frequently buy 20 liters of water compartments from privately owned businesses and the cost goes from Rs 30 to Rs 40, in light of the region. Like LPG gas, water holders are conveyed to the doorsteps [3].

Society is paying for the contamination and this social expense is a monetary weight on individuals. In India, utilization of filtered water has expanded colossally, from 15,051 million liters to 23,105 million litters in 2013 and 2021, Octarately, as per a shopper information scientist Statista, 2021. As of now, water utilization has turned into a piece of the family spending plan. The families consistently polish off 20 litters of filtered water holders for drinking and cooking. A great many people convey water bottles while voyaging and the quantity of water brands has likewise expanded. Individuals accept packaged/RO water utilization is protected and solid as an option in contrast to dirtied water [4].

RO or filtered water is naturally named mineral water. However, investigations discovered that the RO film eliminates practically every one of the mineral items from the water. Also, utilization of this without mineral water swipes outs every one of the current minerals and nutrients from the body. Minerals and nutrients from food, vegetables, and products of the soil on are discarded from the body through pee.

Plus, RO water for cooking eliminates all fundamental components from food. A significant number of ongoing investigations have discovered that utilization of RO water has prompted neurological, cardio, gastric and a few different issues. In this manner, it is obvious that drinking the alleged 'mineral water' isn't reasonable for wellbeing. Modern effluents and other formative exercises have contaminated the accessible ground and surface water.

The Public Green Court reports that the cycle associated with RO squanders 200% of the water. Two liters of water are squandered to get one liter of water from RO. Absence of water the board has prompted different ecological, wellbeing, and monetary issues. The Nobel Laureates Robert Solow and John Hartwick view that human resources can sub for regular capital and term it 'Frail Supportability.' Water, the normal capital is sullied, and human resources (RO technology) can be a substitute. In light of the different examination proof, the RO cycle can't be another option and can irritate the issue. Accordingly, compelling water the executives and guideline with local area interest alone can tackle the issue [5].


  1. Rubino F, Corona Y, Jiménez Pérez JG, et al. Bacterial contamination of drinking water in Guadalajara, Mexico. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(1):67.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Schullehner J, Hansen B, Thygesen M, et al . Nitrate in drinking water and colorectal cancer risk: A nationwide population?based cohort study. Int J cancer. 2018;143(1):73-9.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Miller C, Ettridge K, Wakefield M, et al. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, juice, artificially-sweetened soda and bottled water: An Australian population study. Nutrients. 2020;12(3):817.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Akhbarizadeh R, Dobaradaran S, Schmidt TC, et al. Worldwide bottled water occurrence of emerging contaminants: a review of the recent scientific literature Environ Geochem Health. 2019;41(3):1507-20.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Casado Á, Ramos P, Rodríguez J, et al Factors affecting the environmental carrying capacity of a freshwater tropical lake system. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2015;55(12):1633-41.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App