Mini Review - Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (2022) Volume 5, Issue 5
Advancing scientific and professional knowledge of the Maternal and Child Health (MCH).
Department of Medicine and Health, University of New England, Armidale, 2351, Australia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Charles Antonios
Department of Medicine and Health
University of New England
Armidale, 2351, Australia
Received: 16-May-2022, Manuscript No. AAJPHN-22-63963; Editor assigned: 18-May-2022, PreQC No. AAJPHN-22-63963(PQ); Reviewed: 24-May-2022, QC No AAJPHN-22-63963; Revised: 27-May-2022, Manuscript No. AAJPHN-22-63963(R); Published: 31-May-2022, DOI:10.35841/aajphn-5.5.124
Citation: Antonios C. Advancing scientific and professional knowledge of the Maternal and Child Health (MCH). J Pub Health Nutri. 2022;5(5):124
MCH programmes address issues affecting women, children, and families, such as prenatal and well-child care, infant and maternal mortality prevention, maternal and child mental health, new-born screening, child vaccines, child nutrition, and assistance for children with special health care requirements. To build communities and reduce wasteful health-care expenses, states invest in healthy children and families .
Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant, Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, the Healthy Start Initiative, the Emergency Medical Services for Children Program, and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children all contribute to MCH-related programmes (WIC). States are crucial in the administration of these programmes.
The Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) distributes Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant funds to 59 states and jurisdictions . Title V is one of the largest federal block grant programmes, supporting health programmes that assist 92 percent of all pregnant women, 98% of infants, and 60% of children across the country. This interactive webpage provides access to national Title V data as well as contact information for each state's MCH director and other relevant state health officials.
States also pass laws related to health insurance coverage, perinatal care, maternal and infant mortality, child nutrition, mental health, and substance use disorders to promote the health of children and families. NCSL's Maternal and Child Health Database tracks enacted MCH legislation on themes like maternal and infant mortality, childhood nutrition, children's mental health, and others.
The Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health programme of the foundation envisions a future where healthy mothers give birth to healthy babies and get quality care from experienced and well-equipped health care personnel, such as midwives. We invest in research on the biological and social vulnerabilities of women and babies in order to inform the development of novel tools and practises that can enhance health outcomes for mothers, newborns, and children .
The Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health team facilitates national, regional, and global policy and financial solutions that can increase the application of proven innovations by supporting work at the country level. We collaborate with various programmes and teams throughout the foundation, as well as with governments, professional associations, international organisations, civil society organisations, and the commercial sector (including those focusing on research and development, nutrition, family planning, delivery of health products and services, and gender equality).
Although the world has made great progress in mother and newborn health, development has stalled and is not uniformly distributed around the globe. Hundreds of thousands of women die during pregnancy and childbirth every year, and millions of newborns die within days or weeks of birth. Almost all of these deaths happen in low- and middle-income countries, and they're caused by preventable factors like a lack of access to treatment, shaky delivery systems, and difficulties from being born too tiny or too fast, and infection.
maternal health is directly linked to newborn survival. While significant progress has been made in lowering child mortality among children under the age of five, new-borns remain particularly vulnerable, accounting for 47% of all childhood deaths worldwide . Every year, 2.5 million new-borns die within the first month of their lives, with another 2.6 million stillborn. We need to learn more about the causes of these fatalities so that we can develop strategies to alleviate them. Furthermore, while the number of facility births is increasing, the quality of care continues to be a major issue. Poor-quality care, according to the Lancet Commission on High-Quality Health Systems, is "a larger impediment to decreasing mortality than limited access," accounting for 60% of deaths from preventable causes. Patients sometimes lack access to referrals to higher levels of care because primary health care systems are typically ill-equipped to prevent or address underlying causes of sickness or other consequences. Furthermore, health resources are frequently low or fragmented, and policy implementation accountability is missing in many situations.
Determinants of maternal, infant, and child health
The environment in which individuals live, learn, work, and play has an impact on a wide range of health risks and consequences. Maternal health habits and health status are influenced by environmental and social factors such as access to health care and early intervention services, educational, employment, and economic possibilities, social support, and the availability of resources to meet daily needs.
The factors that influence maternal health also have an impact on pregnancy outcomes as well as newborn and child health. Infant mortality differs by race and ethnicity, which can be attributed in part to differences in social determinants of health. The health of children varies depending on race and ethnicity, as well as family income and other factors such as educational achievement and health insurance coverage. Access to highquality health care, such as that provided by a medical home and maternity care practises that promote breastfeeding and safe sleep conditions, can also have an impact on a child's health and well-being .
The health, nutrition, and actions of women throughout pregnancy and early childhood may have an impact on the cognitive and physical development of new-borns and children. Folic acid consumption in the recommended amounts before and throughout pregnancy can help to lower the risk of neural tube abnormalities. Breast milk is widely recognised as the best complete source of nutrition for most infants, providing a variety of health, growth, immune, and development benefits. Furthermore, children raised in safe and nurturing families and environments, free of maltreatment and other negative childhood experiences, have a better chance of succeeding as adults.
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