Journal of Pharmaceutical Chemistry & Chemical Science

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Short Communication - Journal of Pharmaceutical Chemistry & Chemical Science (2023) Volume 7, Issue 1

Advances in metabolic biotransformation and its applications.

Lianxu Manz *

Department of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China

*Corresponding Author:
Lianxu Manz
Department of Natural Resources and Environment,
South China Agricultural Un,
Guangzhou, China

Received: 05-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAPCCS-23-88473; Editor assigned: 07-Jan-2023, PreQC No. AAPCCS-23-88473(PQ); Reviewed: 21-Jan-2023, QC No. AAPCCS-23-88473; Revised: 27-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAPCCS-23-88473; Published: 06-Feb-2023, DOI:10.35841/aapccs-7.1.134

Citation: Manz L. Advances in metabolic biotransformation and its applications. J Pharm Chem Chem Sci, 2022;7(1):134


The biotransformation field is constantly evolving with the discovery of new molecular structures and metabolic pathways that impact efficacy and safety. Scientists in the fields of biotransformation and mechanistic drug metabolism are critical to advancing chemicals through discovery and development, but the number of academically trained scientists for this role is declining. This position paper highlights the continued demand for biotransformation scientists and the need to educate them and encourage creative ways to ensure future growth in the field.


Biotransformation, Bioactivation, Reaction mechanism.


This process transforms a lipophilic drug into a polar entity i.e. Hydrophilic easily absorbed by the body. First-stage addition of functional groups, including oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis, etc. Then, through synthetic steps, i.e. Addition of endogenous compounds to facilitate absorption. Most drug metabolism takes place in the liver, but some tissues and intestines also have enzymes that help carry out the process [1].

Metabolism studies were mostly done in the development stage, resulting in delayed identification of problems, opportunities for drug improvement, and in some cases even after approval, thus opening the door to competitors. There is a possibility. As such, there is a current trend to incorporate metabolic studies into drug discovery during the lead optimization stage. This allows the results to inform and guide the selection of the most appropriate candidates, thereby avoiding later reactive approaches that lead to costs and drug delays [2].

The development phase of the discovery process leads. This is facilitated by the availability of a very broad toolkit for in vitro metabolic studies, including animal tissue-derived systems, microbial biotransformation, and an expanding range of recombinant enzymes. Animal tissue-derived systems allow for excellent analysis of metabolic processes and identification of the key enzymes involved, but scaling up reactions to identify the actual metabolites is very costly and ethical, concerns may arise. So use these for outscaling as a last resort [3].

Over the past three decades, ADME science has become an integral part of the drug discovery and development process. At the same time, the field is evolving, requiring ADME scientists to become familiar and involved in many aspects of drug evaluation. From pharmacology to toxicology, from in silico modeling to in vitro models and finally in vivo models. Progress in this area requires conscious engagement with various aspects of ADME. However, this task may seem daunting in our current age of mass information. We divided the articles into categories of drug optimization, metabolites, drug metabolizing enzymes and bioactivation [4].

Biotransformation has a significant impact on the efficacy and safety of pharmaceuticals. Ultimately, metabolic influences may be a cornerstone of the drug discovery and development cycle. This article describes the effects and applications of drug biotransformation by mammalian systems, microbes, and recombinant enzymes, including active and reactive metabolites, the effect of the gut microbiota on metabolism, and biotransformation. Learn how insights from research can inform drug design. His CRO and pharmaceutical biotransformation scientist specializing in various biotransformation technologies. Includes commentary on how biology-oriented approaches can complement medicinal chemistry strategies in drug optimization, and on available in vitro and surrogate systems for exploring and exploiting biotransformation [5].


Biotransformation is one of the main mechanisms the body uses to eliminate drugs. As drug molecules become more complex, the involvement of drug-metabolizing enzymes increases beyond what is typically studied Cytochrome P450 enzymes. Enzymes that catalyse these reactions can inactivate, activate, or even poison their substrates.



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