Biology & Medicine Case Reports

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Abstract - Biology & Medicine Case Reports (2021) Volume 5, Issue 1

Thyroid Cancer and Radioactive Iodine Therapy Differentiated

Thyroid cancer is represented in most cases by differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) (papillary or follicular), although the histological prevalence is papillary (90%). DTC is not particularly frequent, affecting only one in 25,000 people in Europe but increasing in the world, and has a higher incidence in women than in men (ratio 3-5:1). The DTC is asymptomatic, since in the great majority of cases the thyroid function appears normal. Secondary lymphadenopathy may rarely occur as a first event. Therefore the prevention, in particular the palpation and the ultrasound of the neck, becomes particularly important. A first cause is the area of origin (iodine deficiency). Another ascertained cause is the previous irradiation on the neck in paediatric age for benign pathologies. Other causes are the familiarity and genetic predisposition. It’s often the same patient who becomes aware of a swelling in the neck region. However, many of the nodules are so small in size that they are not discovered by the patient or the doctor, but require an adequate instrumentation (ultrasound). 

Author(s): Dr. Francesco Lippi

Abstract Full Text PDF

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