Short Article - Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology (2020) Volume 4, Issue 4
The effect of focused ultrasound wolves during ablation of uterine fibroids on the endometrial receptivity in patients planning pregnancy
Literature data on the influence of various methods (conservative regression, organ-preserving surgical) treatment of uterine fibroids
on the morphofunctional state and endometrial receptivity are few and very contradictory. The literature practically does not cover
the effects of focused ultrasound energy on the endometrium depending on the location of uterine fibroids along the anterior or
posterior wall, which suggests a reflected or direct penetrating impact of ultrasonic waves on the tissue.
Purpose. To investigate the influence of focusing ultrasonic waves during ablation of uterine fibroids on the endometrial receptivity
in patients planning pregnancy.
Material and methods. 67 women with symptomatic uterine fibroids planning a pregnancy were examined. The main group included
32 patients receiving ablation of uterine fibroids by focused ultrasound under the control of magnetic resonance imaging and a
comparison group - 35 women who received surgical treatment by laparoscopic myomectomy. The endometrium on the LH7+th day
defined by urinary ovulation test was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before and three months after treatment.
Results. It was established that the focusing ultrasound rays passing through the endometrium do not cause changes in the maturation
rate and do not affect the state of intercellular contacts. At the same time, a significant increase in the frequency of asynchronous
maturation of pinopodia 50.00% (16) versus 14.28% (4); p=0.021 and the number of heteromorphic secretory cells 53.33% (8)
versus 5.88% (1); p = 0.002 in implantation endometrium was found.
Observation data may indicate a certain negative effect that affects ultrasound on the functional state of individual cells, endometrium
and inhibition, intercellular interactions under the influence of the energy of ultrasonic waves. The use of non-invasive methods for
the treatment of uterine fibroids in patients of reproductive age, pregnancy planning, should be justified and have the nature and
cause of previous reproductive failures.Author(s): Melkozerova Oxana