Research Article - Current Pediatric Research (2023) Volume 27, Issue 4
Severe juvenile dermatomyositis with specific liver involvement onset concomitant with COVID-19 infection: A case report.
Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM) is an autoimmune disease that involves skin, muscle and internal organ disorders. Its mechanisms still not well established, but the triggering role of viral infections has been described. In this context, the effect of the COVID-19 on the onset of autoimmune disorders such as JDM remains a matter of study and research. We report a severe JDM, following a confirmed COVID-19 infection in a previously healthy 8 year-old boy who presented with various skin lesions and a cholestatic liver involvement. Laboratory findings were consistent with an inflammatory myositis and an autoimmune liver disease. Skin and muscle biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of JDM. The therapy choice was difficult. Finally, he received a second line therapy of the JDM with a favorable outcome. The liver fragment analysis showed a steatosis. This case supports the hypothesis of COVID-19 triggering role in the genesis of JDM and autoimmune diseases.Author(s): Nesrine Jammeli*, Nouha Ben Abedeljelil, Bahri Mahjoub