Mini Review - Journal of Gastroenterology and Digestive Diseases (2022) Volume 7, Issue 5
Review on average rates of ischemic complications for stomach, colon, and jejunum.
Intestinal ischemia is a medical disorder in which a lack of blood supply causes harm to the large or small intestine. Acute intestinal ischemia occurs immediately, but chronic intestinal ischemia occurs gradually. The acute form of the disease is characterised by abrupt, severe stomach pain and a high risk of mortality. Abdominal pain after eating, accidental weight loss, vomiting, and anxiety of eating are common symptoms of the chronic type. Atrial fibrillation, heart failure, chronic renal failure, a proclivity for blood clots, and a history of myocardial infarction are all risk factors for acute intestinal ischemia. A blood clot from somewhere else gets lodged in an artery, a new blood clot forms in an artery, a blood clot forms in the superior mesenteric vein, and insufficient blood flow due to low blood pressure or arterial spasms are the four causes that cause poor blood flow. A risk factor for acute disease is chronic disease. Angiography is the best method of diagnosis, however computed tomography (CT) is utilised when that is not possible.Author(s): De Jong