Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology

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Short Article - Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology (2020) Volume 4, Issue 7

Responsive Audit of Lower Segment Caesarean Section in a Private Hospital in Kuwait

 Objective: To evaluate current practice and audit against international standards for various parameters relating to elective lower segment caesarean section in our

institution.
Design:
Retrospective cohort study for all elective caesarean sections in a 6 months period.
Methods
Medical records of 163 elective caesarean sections done from October 2018 till April 2019 were reviewed after taking approval from the office of the Medical
Director as per local policy for such an audit. The audit standards used as gold standards were from RCOG guidelines, NICE guidelines and from the Kuwait Ministry
of Health. The audit criteria were antiemetic and antacid prophylaxis, antibiotic prophylaxis, type of antibiotic used and time of administration, thromboprophylaxis,
documented consent and grade of lower segment caesarean section” and “type of anaesthesia and cord blood PH”.
Results
We achieved the standard of 100% compliance for consent & grade of lower segment caesarean section, cord blood PH, antacid prophylaxis and antiemetic
prophylaxis. For the type of antibiotic, Cephalosporin was used in 73.6% of cases, timing of administration before skin incision was 44%, within 60 minutes of
incision was 52% , and thromboprophylaxis was given in 78% of cases .For all these criteria the recommended standard was 100%.
Regional anaesthesia was given in 53% against the recommended 95%, while general anaesthesia was given in 47% against the recommended 5%.
Conclusion
We are a large private hospital in Kuwait accredited by Joint Commission International and Accreditation Canada International with around 2000 deliveries per year.
In order to maintain standards of care as per the established guidelines, audit of key interventions like elective lower segment caesarean section is done as part of our
regular review cycle through New Mowasat Hospital Quality Systems Management Department.
These results are encouraging in many areas yet highlight the need for improvement in others. Improving the quality of obstetric and perinatal care is an urgent
priority worldwide and criteria-based clinical audits can play a key role in this process by critical analysis of current medical practice and identification of substandard
care factors. Keeping medical records is the safe, economic and simple way to analyze cesarean sections. A re-audit to be undertaken after 1 year is planned. A
multidisplinary approach with involvement of all stakeholders including the consumers, local audit department and obstetrics and gynecology department will be the
way forward to achieve the change.
Author(s): Sangeeta Dhawan

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