Research Article - Journal of Psychology and Cognition (2021) Volume 6, Issue 4
Psychological Adjustment Problems in Rural Adolescent Girls Staying in Urban Areas
Introduction: Adjustment is the process by which a living organism maintains a balance between its needs and the circumstances that influence these needs' satisfaction.
Objective: To study the Psychological adjustment problems in rural adolescent girls staying in urban areas.
Methods: This was a Questionnaire Based cross-sectional study conducted from February 2019 to September 2019. The study wear conducted in N. K. P. Salve institute of medical sciences & research centre and Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur. We have used structured test -Bell Adjustment inventory. Class wise adolescent girls divided into three groups is (68) from the seventh class, (57) from the eighth class, and (53) from the ninth class-used IBM- SPSS-25 software to analyzed Average, percentile, mean, variance, frequency and ANOVA.
Results: Home adjustment problem, the p-value is 0.075, statistically significant at p<0.05 level. Mean indicated that 8th (Mean 37.92) and 9th (Mean 37.62) class students are facing poor study conditions at home and home adjustment difficulties rather than 7th class 33.42) students. Health adjustment problem, the p-value is 0.003, statistically significant at p<0.05 level. Mean indicated that 9th (Mean 34.96) and 8th (Mean 32.1) class students face health-related adjustment difficulties rather than 7th (Mean 28.17) class students. Social adjustment problem, the p-value is 0.041 statistically significant at p<0.05 level? Mean indicated that 7th (Mean 41.25) and 9th (Mean 40.13) class students face social-related adjustment difficulties rather than 8th (Mean 36.52) class students. Emotional adjustment problem, the p-value is 0.037, statistically significant at p<0.05 level. Mean indicated that 7th (Mean 44.5) and 8th (Mean 43.73) class students face emotional-related adjustment difficulties rather than 9th (Mean 40.45) class students.
Conclusion: Adolescent girls students may sometimes feel conflicted, sad, anxious, alienated, helpless, and yet able and powerful. They may be confused about the role in life and about social values to be accepted or rejected. Thus, adolescent girls have problems adjusting to their home, physical, social and emotional adjustment areas. Nearly 83/178 (46.62%) rural girls are staying in with adjustment problem, 61/178 (34.26%) rural girls are staying in with a few adjustment problems, and 34/178 (19.10%) rural girls are staying in with no adjustment problem. These findings suggest the necessity to extend school teachers/counsellor/parents consciousness of these difficulties and develop adjustment skills with their proper guidance to adolescents’ girls.Author(s): Pankaj Lakhan Singh, Pradeep Krishnarao Pazare , Mrs Pradnya Prashant Pande