Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Allied Science

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Short Article - Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Allied Science (2019) Volume 3, Issue 1

Prevalence of Gross Urogenital Lesions and Abnormalities in Female Goats Slaughtered at Dire Dawa Municipal Abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia

 A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 to estimate the prevalence of urogenital tract / organ damage and abnormalities in the slaughter of female goats at the Dire Dawa municipal slaughterhouse, Dire Dawa, in eastern Ethiopia. Morphopathological lesions and anomalies of the reproductive and urinary tracts of a total of 384 female goats were examined by incision and macroscopic examination by visual inspection and palpation. The study showed that there was an overall occurrence 17.4% of reproductive and urinary organ/tract abnormalities. Out this total of prevalence of 9.9% genital organ abnormalities were identified, among which ovarian hypoplasia was the reproductive abnormality with the highest occurrence (34.2%). And a total of 7.6% of occurrence of urinary lesion and abnormalities were examined. Renal calculi were the urinary organ abnormality with the highest occurrence (41.4%). This study found that 9.1% of 384 goats slaughtered at the Dire Dawa slaughterhouse were found to be pregnant due to a lack of specific ante-mortem inspection. The difference in the prevalence of urogenital tract / organ damage and abnormalities in the age of the animals was statistically significant (p <0.05), but the difference was not statistically significant (p> 0.05 ) regarding the body condition of the goat. It can be concluded that morpho-pathological lesions are prevalent in goats that are brought to the abattoirs in the study area, which requires serious attention.

Author(s): Mohammed Jemal and Tesfaheywet Zeryehun

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