Abstract - Journal of Clinical Nephrology and Therapeutics (2020) Volume 0, Issue 0
Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Associated factors among Patients with Kidney Problems Public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Kidney disease is a silent killer. Kidney failure is also called end stage renal disease (ESRD) or Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease. When people have ESRD they need dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. The endemic occurrence of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) (sometimes referred to as chronic renal failure [CRF]) was first observed in the 1990s and over the past 15 years the prevalence of the disease within certain geographical locations has increased dramatically.
The objective of this study to assess the prevalence and associated factors of chronic kidney disease among kidney problem patients attending public hospitals in Addis Ababa.
According to CKD EPI equation used to mobile application to calculate eGFR 66 (15.6%) of participants have normal/stage 1, 49 (11.6%) of participants have stage 2, 82(19.4%) of the participants have stage 3, 62 (14.7%) stage 4 and 163 (38.6%) stage 5 CKD respectively. Those patients who were in the age group of >68 were three times more likely (AOR 3.16 (CI 1.36, 7.35); P=0.07) to develop CKD as compared to those who were under 18.
Author(s): Kore C and Yohannes HM