Research and Reports in Gynecology and Obstetrics

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Short Article - Research and Reports in Gynecology and Obstetrics (2021) Volume 2, Issue 2


VACTERL is an abbreviation for the congenital group of abnormalities, including vertebral / vascular anomalies, anal atresia, cardiac defects, tracheo-oesophageal fistula / oesophageal atresia, renal defects and limb abnormalities. Most cases of VACTERL association are sporadic, which means they occur in people with no history of the condition in their family. Rarely, families have multiple people affected with VACTERL association.The exact cause is unknown; however, several environmental and genetic factors are included in literature. Three components out of seven are used to label the case as VACTERL. The combination is necessary, but other congenital malformations may be present as well. Birth defects are associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery. Birth defects are an independent risk factor for neonatal morbidity and perinatal mortality in preterm delivery. I present here two cases of prenatal ultrasounds with VACTERL associations. To examine the potential role of ultrasonography in the prenatal diagnosis of VACTERL association.


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