Research Article - Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2023) Volume 6, Issue 6
Plant growth regulators and their effect on growth, development and yield of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.).
Strawberry is one of the important cash crop grown throughout the globe and liked in various form such as extracts, fresh fruits etc. It is an octaploid species (2n=8x=56) belonging to genus Fragaria of family Rosaceae is one of most delicious and nutritious among soft fruits of the world. Strawberry is the unique fruit with having excellent source of all vitamins, flavour, and highly desirable taste, sugars, fibres and potassium. PGR’s (Plant Growth Regulators) are the organic substances which are produced naturally; they control the growth of the plant and other physiological functions in the plants. Besides this, expression of intrinsic genetic capability also manage by PGRs. Expression of genes has been control by the use of PGRs at both transcriptional and translational level. This paper reviews the effect of different plant growth regulators on plant’s growth, development, yield and quality of fruits. PGRs are operative to increase the vegetative growth, flowering and yield of fruits per plant in temperate, tropical and subtropical regions. Most of all studies revealed that higher concentration level of Gibbereliic Acid (GA3) enhances the vegetative growth of the plant and also the production of runners in strawberry plants although cycocel, which is a growth retardant influence the quality of fruit.Author(s): Lakhwinder Singh, Ramesh Kumar Sadawarti*