Case Reports in Surgery and Invasive Procedures

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Case Report - Case Reports in Surgery and Invasive Procedures (2022) Volume 6, Issue 4

Metastatic pancreatic tumors from lung cancer and Malignant adenomyoepithelioma of the breast with cystic changes resembling intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm: a case report

Background: Adenomyoepithelioma (AME) of the breast is a very rare tumor and is generally considered to be benign and Metastatic pancreatic tumors from lung cancer (MPTLC) constitute 3% of all metastatic pancreatic tumors. We present an extremely rare case of cystic MPTLC that was difficult to distinguish from intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN).However, some show malignant transformation, which results in local recurrences or distant metastases. The morphological features of AME that might predict malignant potential have not been elucidated. Moreover, there is also no established multidisciplinary treatment for malignant AME aside from complete excision at an early stage. Case presentation: The patient was a 74-year-old woman who underwent lobectomy of lung cancer 2years before presentation to our hospital and A 64-year-old female diagnosed with AME of the left breast underwent lumpectomy. The surgical margins were negative. Six months after the operation, however, malignant AME recurred locally in the left breast. MRI showed multiple masses, which invaded the skin. A left mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection was performed. Additional areas of AME were found in about one third of the entire breast. Eight months after the mastectomy, lung metastases were detected. She underwent chemotherapy with fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FEC) for 9 cycles with little response. Lung metastasectomy was performed. Nine months after lung metastasectomy, the metastases were widespread to the brain, heart, and kidney; she subsequently died 2months later. She was referred to our department for resection of cystic pancreatic tumors, which were diagnosed as IPMN with high-risk stigmata. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a 37-mm-wide cystic tumor with a contrasted solid nodule in the pancreatic head and a 17-mm-wide cystic tumor in the pancreatic tail. We performed a total pancreatectomy for these lesions. According to histopathological and immunohistochemical findings, the tumors were diagnosed as metastatic pancreatic tumors from lung cancer. Conclusion: In this case, the cystic morphology was formed by eosinophilic secretions from tumor cells, and it was difficult to distinguish from IPMN with high-risk stigmata. We consider this case, based on the variable clinical findings, an extremely rare variant of MPTLC and Malignant AME has various morphological features, and in this report, we characterize new findings from both imaging and pathology/autopsy. Malignant potency is related to the tumor size, tumor appearance, and mitoses, even if only a few. Given that ductal spread is one of the morphological features of malignant AME, it is of paramount importance to assess the surgical margins

Author(s): Vijay Sagar

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