Research Article - Current Pediatric Research (2021) Volume 25, Issue 9
Maternal risk factors for hypertensive disorders during pregnancy.
Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence of hypertension caused by pregnancy is seven times higher in developing countries (2.8% of live childbirth) than in developed nations 0.4%. The goal of the research was to find out the relationship between demographic and reproductive characteristics and risk factors. Methodology design: "A descriptive-analytic non-probability study design" (purposeful sam-ple) of 80 pregnant with hypertension caused by pregnancy attending Al-Emam Al-Sadiq and Babylon teaching hospitals in "Al-Hilla City". Results: The study findings showed that most of the samples 87.5% were housewives, 36.3% of them were primary school, 51.25% of the participants were urban and 45% were overweight. The highest % age of the sample reported and accounted for in the second trimester 46.3% and the highest % age 51.25% is 1-3 number of gravid. The highest % age 52.5% of the sample reported having no. of miscarriage 1-2, 53.75% of the sample eating salty food, even 60% was unhealthy foods, the highest % age of the sample 76.25%. Conclusion: The highest % age of the sample reported eating salty food, their food was fatty. The highest % age has a family history of hypertension and they have urinary tract infection during pregnancy, there is an association between educational level, residency with dietary factors (pvalue> 0.05) while there was significantly associated between health history and occupation only. Also indicates that there is a highly significant association, between all reproductive variables, with "dietary factors except with parity". Recommendations: Health education program about physiological changes during pregnancy and early detection: management of mothers with "PIH" should be required as part of focused antenatal care. The study suggests that further studies assess dietary and lifestyle factors.Author(s): Wafaa Ahmed Ameen*, Salma KJ