Biomedical Research

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 504 6082390

Research Article - Biomedical Research (2017) Volume 28, Issue 5

Impact of theory-based educational intervention on promotion of cariesprevention behaviors in Iranian mothers with 3-6-year-old children

Background and Objective: Early childhood caries as one of the dental diseases is highly prevalent among Iranian children. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the impact of theory-based educational intervention on promotion of caries-prevention behaviors in mothers with children of three to six years of age in Fooman city.

Materials and Methods: This was an interventional quasi-experimental study and the population consisted of mothers with children of 3 to 6 years of age who referred to health care centers of Fooman city. A simple random sampling was conducted to select the intervention and control groups. The data collection tool was a questionnaire which has developed based on the theory of planned behavior. The data analysis was done using SPSS software version 20.

Results: Descriptive analysis showed that among 80 participants, 57.5% had referred for their children’s routine dental visits while 42.5% had not referred for their children’s routine dental visits. Correlation Matrix illustrated a significant and direct correlation between the participants’ knowledge, attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control have with their intention to perform behavior. The results showed a statistically significant difference in mean scores of knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, intention, perceived behavioural control and tooth brushing behavior among mothers with 3-6- year-old Children in the experimental group after the educational intervention compared to the control group (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The use of educational methods based on the theory of planned behavior in mothers of 3-6- year-old children can be effective in prevention of oral diseases and improvement of children's oral health behaviors.

Author(s): Effat Hatefnia, Afsaneh Alinasab1, Mostafa Ghorbani

Abstract Full Text PDF