Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology

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Editorial - Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology (2021) Volume 0, Issue 0

First Trimester Post Abortal Placenta Increta: A Case Report

Obstetrical hemorrhage is one the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in our country. It accounts for 298 out of 1,719 women (17.3 %). Obstetrical complications such as hemorrhage may ensue once the placenta adheres into the myometrium and was not noted during placental delivery. This is a case of a 30-year-old, Gravida 3 Para 1 (1021) who had persistent vaginal bleeding post curettage due to missed abortion at 11 weeks age of gestation. Differential diagnosis included retained secundines, gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, uterine arteriovenous malformation, and placental accrete syndrome. This could be differentiated by beta human chorionic gonadotrophic hormone and transvaginal ultrasound. What made the case interesting is the dilemma in the diagnosis. In a case of persistent vaginal bleeding after curettage and with a history of cesarean delivery, one will initially think of placenta accrete syndrome. But then, initial diagnostic tests pointed out to uterine arteriovenous malformation. Due to the dilemma of the service team in clinching the diagnosis for a single disease entity, pelvic magnetic resonance imaging with contrast was done revealing a possible placenta accreta, but cannot totally rule out vascular tumor. Since patient was initially desirous of future pregnancy, medical management was started and was scheduled for CT angiography. However, due to persistent vaginal bleeding, she underwent Total Abdominal Hysterectomy. Histopathology result revealed a placenta increta.

Author(s): Marion Ariadne C. Burgos

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