Research Article - Journal of RNA and Genomics (2022) Volume 0, Issue 0
Fetal Assessment In Pregnancy: An Ultrasound Demonstration At Bex Memorial Hospital, Onitsha, Anambra State, Nigeria.
Background: Diagnostic ultrasound is an advanced electronic device that creates images by using highfrequency sound pulses. Medical diagnostic examination can be utilized in a number of particular circumstances during pregnancy such as after health complications, or where there are concerns about fetal development. Since adverse effects can occur in pregnancies with no obvious risk factors, it is assumed that routine ultrasound would benefit all pregnancies by allowing for early detection and better control of pregnancy complications. Physical examination may be scheduled for early in the pregnancy, late in the pregnancy, or both. Aim: When opposed to the limited use of early pregnancy ultrasound for fetal assessment, researchers wanted to see how regular early pregnancy ultrasound for fetal assessment affects the detection of fetal malformations, multiple births, the rate of clinical procedures, and the occurrence of adverse fetal outcome. bex memorial hospital, onitsha, anambra state, nigeria, was the site of this study. Inclusion Criteria: Only pregnant women who visited the ultrasound unit during the research time were included in the study and only pregnant women who have a thorough record of their sociodemographic characteristics and diagnosis were considered. Data collection and analysis: The required information was gathered using a well-structured data collection sheet and statistical Package for Social Sciences was used to analyze the results (SPSS version 25.0). The findings were presented in a frequency distribution table and a cross-tabulation. At a 95% confidence level, the Chi-square test was used to look for substantial differences, and a P-value of less than 0.05 (P0.05) was considered statistically significant. Results: The foetuses in the anterior position accounted for 60.3 percent, the posterior position for 20.0 percent, and the fundal position for 19.7%. Breech position accounted for 23.9 percent of the placenta, while oblique position accounted for 18.4 percent. The placenta in the Occipito-Anterior position has a higher percentage of 57.7%. There were 1.4 percent (8/579 pregnancies, all breech presentations) noncephalic foetuses in postal cases, compared to 8.9 percent (29/327 pregnancies, 7.9 percent split and 1.0 percent transverse) in lateral cases, 6.2 percent (5/81 females, both presentations) in fundal cases, and 7.2 percent (5/69) in lateral insertions. With a 20.15 cm pelvic circumference, a 17.51 cm head circumference, and a gestational age of 20.24 weeks, the average femur duration was 9.89 cm. On the other side, the foetus seemed to be perfectly fine. Conclusions: The current scrutiny corroborated the size and growth of the foetuses observed via ultrasonography; by assessing fetal body parameters such as femur length, head circumference, abdominal circumference, placenta position, and fetal presentation.Author(s): Anibor Ese, Ossai, Nduka Richard, Aladimma, Chinecherem Sandra