Research Article - Journal of Public Health Policy and Planning (2021) Volume 5, Issue 12
Exploring sexual and reproductive health knowledge among adolescents in the Ghanaian society a situational study of Komenda community in the Komenda Edina Eguafo Abrem (KEEA) municipality in the central region of Ghana.
Introduction: Sexual and Reproductive Health is very critical in all aspects of all Homo sapiens
including their physical, mental, social, economic and emotional well-being. Of much important
and concern is that of the adolescents who are globally said to be the most vulnerable group to
this aspect of health.
Aim: This study was designed to explore the sexual and reproductive health knowledge of
adolescents in the Central Region of Ghana with Komenda as the case study.
Methodology: A mixed method with a case study design was adopted through quantitative survey
and focus group discussions among 95 adolescents in the Komenda community.
Results and discussion: The findings indicated that the knowledge of adolescents in Komenda
community on sexual and reproductive health was generally poor. Religion and culture were
found to be the major cause of poor sexual and reproductive health knowledge among these
adolescents. Similarly, schools were found to be the most prominent source and most preferred
place that adolescents in the study will want to learn about sexual and reproductive health from.
As to who they will prefer to discuss their sexual and reproductive health issues with, it was
found to be relative thus depends on the type of issue at hand and the prevailing conditions
surrounding it. The study equally identified that poor sexual and reproductive health was found
to be very intense and inimical to the long term well-being of the adolescents and the family.
Recommendation: The study recommends that sexual and reproductive health programmes
or projects by government and other stakeholders be designed to overcome both cultural
and religious barriers. Additionally, future researches to investigate other areas of sexual
and reproductive health and their relationship with socio-demographic characteristics of the
adolescents should be embarked on.
Conclusion: It is imperative to mention that for a successful implementation of sexual and
reproductive health policies to yield fruition, religion, culture, knowledge and availability of
sexual and reproductive health services should be seen as the building blocks. Author(s): Charles Owusu-Aduomi Botchweya, Francis Acquahb, Richmond Opokuc, Agartha Afful Boatengd, Lawrencia Aggrey-Bluweye