Biomedical Research

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- Biomedical Research (2014) Volume 25, Issue 3

Evaluating the anti-angiogenic properties of Iloprost and Dipyridamole in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane model

Dipyridamole is an antithrombotic agent that is widely used in the treatment of many vascular disorders. Also, the prostacyclin analogue iloprost has been utilized to salvage limbs in patients with severe limb ischemia. In this study we investigated whether dipyridamole and iloprost have anti-angiogenic properties and their anti-angiogenic properties were compared to bevacizumab, a known inhibitor of angiogenesis, using the in vivo chick chorioallantoic membrane animal model. Agar pellets were prepared with three different drug concentrations at 10-6 M, 10-5 M, and 10-4 M. For each drug concentration twenty fertilized eggs were used. The entire experiment was performed in duplicate. Blood vessel density and loss were examined and scored under a stereoscopic microscope. For the 10-4 M, 10-5 M and 10-6 M concentrations, the anti-angiogenic scores of iloprost were 0.2, 0.1 and 0.05, respectively. In the same order, the anti-angiogenic scores for dipyridamole were 0.2, 0.3 and 0.8. The antiangiogenic scores for bevacizumab were significantly higher than dipyridamole and iloprost over all concentrations (p<0.05). There were no significant differences found between the anti-angiogenic scores for iloprost and dipyridamole for all concentrations (p>0.05). Iloprost demonstrated no anti-angiogenic properties in the chorioallantoic membrane animal model, while dipyridamole did exhibit very weak anti-angiogenic activity only at very high doses of 10-4 M. These results reveal that both agents can be prescribed safely for the treatment of medical conditions that require angiogenesis to facilitate healing.

Author(s): Orkut Guclu, Oguz Karahan, Suleyman Yazici, Ahmet Caliskan, Sinan Demirtas, Celal Yavuz, Abdurrahman Muratoglu, Binali Mavitas

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