Research Article - Current Pediatric Research (2020) Volume 24, Issue 6
Enuresis in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia is more frequent and substantially different from the general population.
Background and Aim: Sickle-cell anaemia (SCA) is the most common rooted haemoglobinopathy it is an inherited condition, autosomal recessive haemoglobin disorder, the disease has spread in many countries, and some of the African countries like Sudan and Middle Eastern countries like Saudi Arabia. Enuresis is defined as a complete or near-complete micturition in the bed during sleep. However, until now, the prevalence of enuresis in Saudi Arabia is still not determined, and there are no sufficient studies to link between enuresis and SCA. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence of enuresis in children and adolescents with sickle cell anaemia at a tertiary centre in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Method: A cross-sectional study was done in 2019. Our sample size was 100 children with SCA. Their ages were between 3 to 14 years old. After excluding, our final sample size involved 70 children with SCA. Data collected asked and filled the questionnaire the caregivers of children with SCA. We got our data from hospital medical records of subjects participating according to our study variables which were: age, sex, and nationality, days of hospitalisation for the past year, have a history of enuresis and sickle cell disease other complications. Result: Our final sample for analysis included 70 patients aged between 3-14 years old. There were 33 (47.1%) males and 37 (52.9%) females. We found that 34 children (48.6%) had enuresis, and the male had enuresis more than female. There was no significant difference between the prevalence of enuresis neither gander nor ages group. The most prevalent age group that had enuresis were ages 9 to 11 years old.
Conclusion: The primary outcome of our study indicated that children with SCA had enuresis that was (48,6%). Also, we found that the prevalence of enuresis was significantly higher in male compared to female. The significant finding was the children of SCA with enuresis aged from 9-11 years old being the most prevalent aged. Our recommendation for upcoming studies needs to make study with a larger sample size with a control group for both genders in different age groups. You are using accurate and straightforward questions for your survey.Author(s): Fatma s Alzhrani*, Sumaih Abdullah Alsadiq, Mai Mohammed Ghaith, Nouf Nawaf Simsim, Noha Hassan Kommosani, Wejdan Hussain AL-Qahtani,Fayza Alsiny