Current Pediatric Research

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Research Article - Current Pediatric Research (2021) Volume 25, Issue 4

Efficacy of combined immunotherapy with propes and inflamafertin in selective deficiency of NK and NKT cells in children with autism spectrum disorders associated with genetic deficiency of the folate cycle.

The purpose of the research was to study effectiveness of combined immunotherapy with Propes and Inflamafertin in NK and NKT cell deficiency in children with autism spectrum disorders associated with genetic deficiency of the folate cycle. This single-center, prospective, controlled, nonrandomized clinical trial included 96 children aged 2 to 10 years with autism spectrum disorders associated with a genetic folate deficiency (study group, SG). Children of SG received Propes at a dose of 2 ml IM every other day for 3 consecutive months (45 injections), and Inflamafertin at a dose of 2 ml IM every other day for 3 months in a row, alternating with Propes (45 injections). The number of NK cells reached the lower limit of normal in 39 out of 53 patients (74% of cases), with the resulting deficiency of these lymphocytes, and the average number of NK cells in the blood in SG almost doubling during the 3- month course of immunotherapy (??0.05; Z?Z0.05). The number of NKT cells was normalized in 78 out of 87 patients (89% of cases) with an initial deficiency of these cells, and the average number of NKT cells in the blood in the DG increased during the course of immunotherapy by half (??0.05; Z?Z0.05) and continued to grow for the next 2 months after the discontinuation of immunotropic drugs (??0.05; Z?Z0.05). Combination immunotherapy with Propes and Inflamafertin is effective strategy for the treatment of immunodeficiency caused by genetic deficiency of the folate cycle in children with autism spectrum disorders. Author(s): Dmitry Maltsev*, Volodymyr Stefanyshyn

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