Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics

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Short Communication - Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics (2020) Volume 4, Issue 3

Early identification of cognitive decline in metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) may be a prodromal manifestation of vascular cognitive impairment. Diagnosing early stages of cerebrovascular pathology can lead to prevention and delay of the progression of pathological conditions such as vascular cognitive impairment. The objective of the study was to investigate new biomarkers for early diagnosis of MetS and cognitive decline as a follow-up. A cardiological, neuropsychological and neurological study was conducted among 75 Bulgarian participants. Beta amyloid in the blood, procalcitonin (PCT), NT-proBNP as predictors of cognitive impairment in patients with metabolic syndrome
were identified. Clinical, anthropometric, biochemical, neuropsychological, cognitive and statistical data processing. Plasma amyloid beta (Aβ) levels, procalcitonin, NT-proBNP in MetS were investigated in participants with MetS and in group of healthy people. TS In the present study, plasma levels of Aβ42 and Aβ40 were found to be reduced in MetS participants. Procalcitonin concentration was significantly higher in males than in females. NT-proBNP was significantly higher in females than in males (p <0.001). Regression analysis showed a positive relationship between NT-proBNP and systolic blood pressure (p <0.001) and fasting blood glucose (p <0.05). An inverse relation between NT-proBNP and diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, triglycerides, HDL- and LDL cholesterol was found. There was a positive association between PCT levels, decreased levels of Aβ42 and Aβ40, as well as elevated NT-proBNP and cognitive impairment in people with MetC. A concentration of NT-proBNP of 60 pg / ml or greater could be an indicator of metabolic abnormalities and early cognitive decline.
Author(s): Galya Naydenova Atanasova

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